Welcome to your complete guide to the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix, also known as the “Shiranian,” “Shi-Pom,” or the “Pomtzu.”
This hybrid combines two popular teddy bear dog breeds, making the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix an extra cute and fluffy pet for the right owner.
This mix can also produce a tiny dog with some health problems and behavioral quirks.
In this article, we’ll talk about these issues as well as what to expect with a Pomeranian Shih Tzu.
Including their physical appearance, personality and temperament, exercise requirements, and where to find healthy Pomtzu puppies.
What is the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix?
Both of these breeds are members of the toy group and have long been lauded as companion animals.
They are favored for their luxuriously soft coats, teddy bear-like qualities, and larger-than-life personalities wrapped up in tiny packages.
Let’s take a look at the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix’s parents!
Origins of the Pomeranian cross Shih Tzu: Pomeranian Parent
The Pomeranian, though he may be of slight stature nowadays, actually descends from larger spitz-type dogs hailing from the Arctic.
These sled-pulling dogs made it to northeastern Europe, where they were bred to decrease their size in Pomerania, which spanned parts of modern-day Poland and Germany.
Subsequently, Pomeranians became popular throughout Europe, and England’s Queen Victoria sealed the deal when she brought a few top specimens home from a trip to Italy. She is credited for breeding Pomeranians down to their current toy size.
The popular dogs made their way across the Atlantic, and the American Kennel Club (AKC) began registering Pomeranians with its toy registry in 1888. Since then, they have been winning hearts and breed competitions alike!
Shih Tzu Parent
For centuries, these “lion dogs” were used to warm the laps (and hearts) of royal families exclusively.
The breed wasn’t exposed to the outside world until the 1930s!
Once the Shih Tzu’s ancestors made it to Europe, breeders further refined them until they resembled the Shih Tzu of today.
The AKC began registering them as members of the toy group in 1969.
The Shih Tzu is still an ever-popular pet and lap dog – several of my own family members love their Shih Tzus!
Pomeranian cross Shih Tzu temperament
With his lineage, the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix is likely going to be a yippy dog – both breeds are typically vocal.
He may also have some guarding tendencies.
The Pomeranian is an excellent watchdog by nature, and he will alert you if an “intruder” is present.
The same goes for the Shih Tzu, in my experience.
You’ll definitely want to work on socializing the cross with new people as early as possible.
Whether a Shiranian will inherit the Pomeranian’s energetic and playful personality or the Shih Tzu’s slightly more reserved, lap-dog personality is anyone’s guess.
When you cross two dog breeds to produce a hybrid, it’s hard to predict the resulting puppies’ temperaments (and physical characteristics) with accuracy.
They may favor one parent’s looks and personality, or they may be a mix of both parents.
So, to get an idea of what a Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix puppy may act like, you can make an educated guess based on the Pomeranian and Shih Tzu’s general temperaments.
Pomeranian Parent Temperament
Pomeranians, given their sled-pulling ancestry, are lively dogs who enjoy learning new things and having a task or trick to accomplish.
They enjoy human interaction, as long as it’s on their terms, and love spending quiet time with their owner just as much as they do playing.
However, when a Pom has had enough play time or closeness, they may signal this with a nip or bite.
They do not like to feel forced into doing something, and will make it known when they are tired of being petted or otherwise messed with.
For this reason, Pomeranians are not recommended for families with young children who may not know when it’s time to leave a Pom alone.
Additionally, with his super small size, the Pom is susceptible to accidental injury, which is another reason why they should be reserved for homes with adults only or families with older children.
Shih Tzu Parent Temperament
Shih Tzus, unlike the Pomeranian, are pretty low-key when it comes to activity. After all, they were bred to be the best lap dogs out there!
(That doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t exercise them, period! All dogs, no matter how lazy, need at least one walk per day as part of a healthy lifestyle.)
Shih Tzus also enjoy being petted and being the center of your attention. Similarly to the Pomeranian, though, they have a limit and will let you know when you’ve reached it with a growl or even bite.
We do not recommend Shih Tzus for families with small children who may not understand that growling does not mean that the dog is playing, but in fact warning them that they should stop what they are doing!
Another note on both Pomeranians and Shih Tzus – they can be very stubborn and hard-headed.
They know what they want, and will not hesitate to let you know!
Pom Shih Tzu mix weight and height
As we mentioned a few times throughout this article, a Shiranian full-grown will be a small dog, what with both parents being toy breeds.
Per the Pomeranian and Shih Tzu breed standards, a Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix full-grown may weigh as little as 3 pounds or as much as 16 pounds.
She may reach a mere 6-7 inches or up to 10.5 inches tall at the shoulder.
If a Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix favors their Pomeranian parent, then they will stay on the smaller side, and if they favor their Shih Tzu parent, then they are likely to be 9 pounds or greater.
Shihtzu and Pomeranian mix dog colors
A Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix may be solid, bicolored, or tricolored, with a multitude of possible body markings.
Based on the Pom’s and Shih Tzu’s breed standards, the hybrid’s coat may have one or more of the following colors:
Shihtzu Pomeranian mix grooming
The Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix requires some coat maintenance.
If a puppy inherits the Pomeranian’s thick double-coat, then she will require weekly brushing with both a pin brush and slicker brush to keep her fur from matting.
It’s also recommended that she get a thorough grooming, complete with a bath, once a month or every six weeks.
If a puppy inherits the Shih Tzu’s long and silky coat, then she will require brushing down to the skin, every day.
This can be lessened if you keep her coat clipped short, but this also requires monthly trips to the groomer.
If you choose to keep the coat long, though, then your puppy will need a monthly bath to keep her skin and coat clean, along with keeping her fur out of her eyes to prevent irritation.
The puppy may also need her eyes wiped daily to prevent tear-staining of the fur on her face, and she should have her nails trimmed and ears cleaned frequently to prevent infection.
Shihtzu Pomeranian mix shedding
Shedding for the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix can go either way – they may shed infrequently, like the Shih Tzu, or seasonally, like the Pomeranian.
Following the grooming guidelines above should lessen hair fall, though.
Pomeranian crossed with Shih Tzu health
Any dog may develop health problems as they age, such as vision or hearing loss, obesity, and joint problems.
However, some dogs have an enhanced risk of inheriting certain health issues based on their lineage and physical attributes.
When it comes to the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix, high risks include breathing difficulties, spine disorders, hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, epilepsy, dental problems, eye problems, skin disorders, hair loss, and neurological issues.
Shihtzu crossed with Pomeranian exercise requirements
Since the Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix is a small dog, they do not require loads of exercise. A walk each day will be plenty.
However, a hybrid with the Pom’s energy may be happier if they have some space to run about in your house or yard.
Just be sure that they can’t escape, especially if the hybrid is on the extra small side.
Additionally, if a hybrid inherits the Shih Tzu’s brachycephalic nose, then you won’t want to play too hard with him, as breathing takes a little more work for dogs with short muzzles.
How long will a Shiranian dog live?
Pomeranian Shih Tzu dogs have a lifespan of about 10 to 18 years, with many averaging at least 12 years.
Some may live shorter or longer lives. But you can generally estimate by looking at the Pomeranian lifespan and the Shih Tzu lifespan, then take an average!
Buying Shihtzu cross Pomeranian puppies
Looking for Shiranian breeders?
As a designer dog breed, Shihtzu and Pomeranian mix puppies may be a little bit hard to come by, but that doesn’t mean that you should settle for the first breeder that you find.
Only patronize a knowledgeable breeder who keeps their breeding stock in good conditions and at healthy weights, as well as one who uses genetic testing to produce the healthiest puppies possible.
In the case of this toy hybrid, you should also avoid breeders who market “teacup” Shiranians, as these are typically the offspring of runts in order to keep them extra small.
Very small dogs are incredibly fragile and are therefore at much greater risk for health complications or accidental injury.
Cost of Shiranian puppies
Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix puppies may cost you a pretty penny, depending on the availability of puppies and whether or not the parents are championship quality.
The cost may also go up if a puppy has a particularly rare or popular coat color or color combination.
From a quick internet search, it appears that you can expect to pay anywhere from a few hundred dollars to one thousand or more on a Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix puppy, if purchasing from a breeder.
Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix adoption
You may be likely to find a Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix for adoption at a humane society or animal rescue.
This could be a good place to start, if you do not want a puppy or do not wish to purchase from a breeder.
If you choose to go the adoption route, remember that some shelter dogs do not have complete health histories. So it may be wise to familiarize yourself with the health problems that we listed so you can be on the lookout for signs and symptoms.
Designer dog controversy – pros and cons of hybrid dogs
There is a popular myth that hybrid dogs are the results of inbreeding and that they tend to be more sickly than purebred dogs, which are supposedly the healthiest.
It may surprise you to know that the truth is quite the opposite!
While inbreeding does increase the offspring’s odds of being born with more health problems than puppies born to unrelated parents, inbreeding is a practice that has also been used when breeding purebred dogs.
Inbreeding is common in some pure breeds to supposedly keep the gene pool “clean,” but this has mostly just created small gene pools and has achieved the opposite of the goal – ie., increased health problems.
(For more information, refer to our article on Purebred vs. Mutts.)
Additionally, it is true that some hybrid combinations are healthier than others. Unhealthy specimens, however, commonly result from crossing breeds which produce puppies with drastically disproportionate appearances, physical flaws, or a propensity toward various illnesses.
As examples, combining a large breed with a small breed may produce a dog with dental overcrowding or a body that is too long or heavy for its short legs to support.
(This article explains how specific breed combinations produce the healthiest hybrid offspring.)
Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix – a summary
Do you want a small dog with a plethora of silky-soft fur, which you won’t mind grooming frequently?
Not a fan of lots of dog hair on your furniture or clothes?
Do you have older children or only adults at home?
Do you like lap dogs or dogs that only need a little bit of exercise?
Are you prepared to handle any health problems which are common in toy breeds?
If you answered “yes” to the above questions, then a Pomtzu may be right for you!