The Jackapoo, otherwise known as the Jackadoodle, Poojack or Jack-a-Poo, is an adorable mix of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Toy/Miniature Poodle.
Jackapoo temperament and appearance can be inherited more strongly from either parent, and are largely determined by chance.
Where Does the Jackapoo Come From?
The Jackapoo is an adorable mix between the Jack Russell Terrier and the Poodle (usually Miniature or Toy Poodle). To learn more about the origin of this cross, we can look to the history of each parent breed.
First, we’ll start with the Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier was bred in England in the mid-1800s. The reverend John “Jack” Russell bred them to be used as hunting dogs, mostly for fox, rabbit and other small game.
The breed was engineered to be quick enough to keep up with other hunting breeds, but small and sturdy enough to flush and capture small game.
The breed spread to Australia, where it was further refined for its working role. Today, the Jack Russell is a popular companion animal, and is still often used by hunters!
The Poodle has a longer history, dating back over 400 years. The Standard Poodle originated in Germany, where it was bred to be a retrieving dog for duck hunters.
The Poodle’s off-the-charts intelligence, combined with strong swimming skills and an eager to please temperament, made it a perfect retriever.
The Standard Poodle, a full-sized dog, was bred down to the Miniature Poodle, which began to shift the Poodle’s trajectory more towards companion dog.
The first Toy Poodle, an even smaller version, was bred in America in the early 20th century. By this point, breeders focused on developing companion dogs, and the Poodle’s hunting history slowly faded.
Today, there are three versions of the Poodle: the Standard, Miniature, and Toy. The Jackapoo can be bred from either the Miniature or the Toy.
All this cross-breeding and engineering of new dog breeds is somewhat controversial in some circles. An ongoing purebred vs mutt debate rages on, and no side is truly right or wrong. It’s wise to read up on the pros and cons of this debate before making your decision!
Now, let’s get back to the Jackapoo!
Fun Facts About the Jackapoo
The Jackapoo is a quirky and adorable breed. It usually inherits the intelligence and loyalty of the Poodle, and the robust energy and playfulness of the Jack Russell.
Did you know that the Jackapoo is often considered hypoallergenic? There’s no breed of dog whose skin is completely free of the proteins which trigger allergies. However, many allergy sufferers report being able to spend more time around low-shedding breeds, like the Jackapoo!
Like any mixed-breed dog, there will be some variance in Jackapoo appearance from dog to dog. Your Jackapoo puppy could inherit more characteristics of the Poodle, or more of the Jack Russell Terrier.
That said, this is typically a small dog, weighing around 12-25 lbs and measuring 10-15 inches. Again, this will vary depending on the dog’s genetics.
Their hair is typically short to mid-length, and can adopt the curly nature of the Poodle’s coat, or the coarse coat of the Jack Russell.
Coat color is usually black, brown, tan or white, or a mix of multiple shades. Some longer tufts of hair around the face and snout are common.
The size of the Jackapoo and other characteristics will depend on whether it was bred from a Miniature Poodle or a Toy Poodle. See our comparison of the two here. The biggest difference is of course in size. Jackapoos bred from Toy Poodles will be smaller than those bred from Miniature Poodles.
So, as you can see, there’s some variability with this breed’s characteristics. When you choose a mixed breed like the Jack-a-Poo, you have to be prepared for some unpredictability – both in the dog’s appearance, and it’s temperament. And speaking of temperament…
Now we know about the Jackapoo’s appearance – but what about how they behave? The Jackapoo temperament is a mix of its two parent breeds, as well as how the dog is raised.
Generally speaking, the Jackapoo will inherit the intelligence and pride of the Poodle, and the active, hardworking nature of the Jack Russell.
However, some break the mould and bear a very strong resemblance to one parent over the other.
But what results is always an active, high-energy crossbreed that loves to have a job to do. Jackapoos require frequent exercise, and love to play outside.
Jackapoos can become destructive if they don’t get enough exercise, so keep that in mind when making your decision. They also can be big barkers, if not trained otherwise.
Jackapoos are not typically aggressive, so long as they are trained and socialized from a young age. The Jack Russell Terrier can be somewhat stubborn or aggressive with other animals, so again, socialization is very important.
Your Jackapoo will typically get along well with children, as long as it’s been socialized well. Both Poodles and Jack Russell Terriers can make good family pets, so the Jackapoo might be a good choice for families with children!
Training Your Jackapoo
The trainability of the Jackapoo depends on which parent breed comes through stronger. The Poodle is famous for its obedience and trainability, while the Jack Russell can have a bit more of a stubborn side.
Both parent breeds are extremely intelligent, so training usually goes well. Some Jackapoos can have a stubborn, prideful streak, which can sometimes complicate training plans. Patience might be required. Although, in the end, you’ll be able to train your Jackapoo to do just about anything!
Socialization is very important for all dogs, but particularly for the Jackapoo. If they are not exposed to plenty of other animals, dogs, children and strangers, the Jackapoo can become stubborn or even aggressive.
Your Jackapoo should be trained frequently, using positive reinforcement training. If need be, you can hire a professional trainer – but most Jackapoos can be trained at home.
The Jack Russell in your Jackapoo might cause the dog to bark frequently. This can usually be addressed through training, but nonetheless is something to keep in mind.
Also, remember that this is a very high energy dog! Your Jackapoo will need plenty of exercise every day. In addition to walks, you’ll want to schedule in some playtime to keep your Jackapoo engaged and happy!
If you are considering this breed, you’re surely wondering about the health of the Jackapoo!
In general, the Jackapoo is a healthy breed and does not suffer from many hereditary health concerns. They have a general life expectancy of 12-15 years.
However, like all breeds, the Jackapoo is more prone to certain health concerns than others.
Fortunately, most of the common health concerns of the Jackapoo are mild. Dry skin, allergies, and ear infections are common in this breed, but easily treatable.
In rarer cases, hereditary health problems are possible. Concerns like deafness, patellar luxation, arthritis, cataracts, thyroid disease and others are certainly possible in this mixed breed.
Some health concerns can be tested for in advance. This is one reason it’s important to choose a reputable breeder – good breeders will always conduct health tests on their breeding stock to help reduce the risk of health concerns.
Beyond keeping an eye out for common health concerns, you will also need to groom your Jackadoodle frequently. Remember to keep up with hygiene as well, by brushing your dog’s teeth, clipping nails, etc.
Do Jackapoos Make Good Family Dogs?
Jackapoos are loving, fun and high-energy Poodle mixes that can definitely make for a good family pet.
They are usually good with children, so long as they are socialized and trained.
They definitely love to spend time with their families, and are better off in homes with several people who can give them plenty of attention (and walks!)
Like all dogs, Jackapoos need to be supervised around children. However, once they are socialized, they usually get along well with kids!
Rescuing a Jackapoo
If you decide to get a Jackapoo, you can either purchase a puppy or adopt a rescue Jackapoo.
We always encourage our readers to support local animal shelters and rescue organizations by adopting pups from them. We have a list of Jackapoo rescues in a section below, if you are interested.
While we fully support adopting rescue dogs, it is important to keep in mind that you don’t know the dog’s history when you adopt. Rescuing dogs definitely requires patience, and is not for everyone.
Finding a Jackapoo Puppy
If you decide to get a Jackapoo puppy, you’ll want to locate a reputable breeder in your area. Be sure to ask for health test results, and do your research before choosing a breeder!
It’s important to avoid puppy mills and pet shops whenever possible. We recommend sticking to reputable breeders, or adopting a Jackapoo from a shelter.
Trying to find a Jackapoo puppy? Our puppy search guide is a great place to start!
Raising A Jackapoo Puppy
If you do get a Jackapoo puppy, you’ll want to start training and socialization very early.
Because the Jack Russell Terrier can be a bit aggressive towards other animals, socialization is very important with this breed. And the earlier you start, the better!
See our puppy training guides for more information.
Pros and Cons of Getting A Jackapoo
Here’s a quick rundown of what you should know about getting a Jackapoo.
- Jackapoos can bark frequently if not well trained
- Very high energy
- An intelligent and hardworking breed
- Makes for a good family pet
- Usually highly trainable and obedient
- Quite adorable!
- Generally healthy
Similar Mixes and Breeds
Looking for breeds similar to the Jackapoo? You’re likely to find them by looking at other mixed breeds with one of the parent breeds of the Jackapoo.
We have not found a Jackapoo-specific rescue organization. However, there are many good rescue organizations dedicated to helping each parent breed. Here are some top options:
- Carolina Poodle Rescue
- Poodle Club of America Rescue Foundation Inc
- Boston Toy Poodle Rescue
- Picket Poodles
Jack Russell Terrier Rescues
Do you know of any other Jackapoo rescue organizations, or rescues for either parent breed? Let us know in the comments!
Is A Jackapoo Right For Me?
If you want a small-sized, adorable, bundle of energy, the Jackapoo is a great choice!
This is an obedient, friendly, fun and loving dog that can make for a good companion for the whole family!
That said, they are quite high energy, and tend to bark frequently. If you can handle their quirks and non-stop energy, the Jackadoodle is a great dog to call your best friend!
References and Resources
- Caines, D., Pinard, CL., Kruth, S., Orr, J., James, F. Autonomic dysfunction in a Jack Russell terrier. 2011.
- Disorders in Jack Russells: A Brief Definition. Jack Russell Terrier Club of America, 2018.
- Franklin, RJM., Olby, NJ., Targett, MP., Houlton, JEF. Sensory neuropathy in a Jack Russell terrier. 1992.
- Gough A, Thomas A, O’Neill D. Breed Predispositions to Disease In Dogs and Cats. 2018.
- Matthews, N. S. Degenerative myelopathy in an adult miniature poodle. 1985.