An f1 Cockapoo is a first generation mix. So, f1 Cockapoo puppies have one purebred Cocker Spaniel parent and one purebred Poodle parent. These dogs are growing in popularity thanks to their lovely temperaments and often beautiful coats.
F1 Cockapoo puppies are the least predictable in terms of looks and appearance, compared to later generation mixes.
This is because mixed breeds can inherit any traits from either parent breed. And if their two parents are quite different from one another, results can be surprising!
Some may look just like their Poodle parents, others may have a lot more Cocker Spaniel in them, and others may be a very even mix of the two. So, it’s important that you’re happy with any combo if you’re considering an f1 mix.
What Does F1 Cockapoo Mean?
The term “f1” doesn’t just apply to Cockapoo mixes. In fact, you’ll likely see it when researching any designer breed puppy.
The letter “F” in the term stands for “filial hybrid”. And the number 1 refers to the fact that this is a first generation mix.
So, an f1 Cockapoo has two purebred parents. One purebred Poodle and one purebred Cocker Spaniel.
The term f1 doesn’t relate at all to the quality of the parent breeds used, or even to the health or traits of a puppy from the litter. In fact, f1 puppies are often the least predictable mixed breeds, since their two parents can offer such different characteristics.
Let’s take a look at how this might compare to other types of Cockapoo available.
Cockapoo Generations Explained
F1 isn’t the only term you’ll see Cockapoo breeders use. In fact, you’ll probably see f2, f3, and so on. You may even see f1b, or f2b. Or f1bb!
So what does all of this mean?
As we know, an f1 Cockapoo is a straightforward cross between two purebreds – first generation. An f2 is a second generation mix, so this will combine two f1 Cockapoos. F3 means third generation, and so on.
But what about when the letter “b” is introduced? Well, the “b” stands for “backcross”.
Most Cockapoo owners are hoping for a dog with the Poodle’s famously low shedding coat. So, breeders will often try to breed puppies with a increased proportion of Poodle genetics, to increase the odds of securing this trait.
An f1b puppy is most often the offspring of an f1 Cockapoo that has been backcrossed to a Poodle. So, it will be approximately 75% Poodle and only 25% Cocker Spaniel.
It’s also possible for breeders to backcross generations more than once, which can result in f1bb puppies. And, backcrossing doesn’t just happen to first generation dogs. You may also see f2b mixes, or so on.
Difference Between an F1 and F1b Cockapoo
Don’t worry if you’re still feeling a little confused about all of these terms, or what it means for the dog you’re looking at. Let’s compare f1 Cockapoos to f1b Cockapoos to see what it means for you as an owner.
An f1 Cockapoo has one purebred Poodle parent and one purebred Cocker Spaniel parent. But, an f1b Cockapoo will have one f1 Cockapoo parent and one purebred Poodle parent.
In simple terms, an f1b Cockapoo is statistically likely have a lot more Poodle DNA than a standard f1 cross.
Many breeders hope that this will increase a puppy’s chance of having a low shedding Poodle coat. They will often choose f1 puppies that already seem to favor their Poodle parent to increase this likelihood.
A standard f1 Cockapoo can be less predictable, and may be a lot more like the Cocker Spaniel parent. This won’t be a problem for many people.
But, if you you have a massive objection to shed dog hair on your furniture, it is something you should be aware of.
Is an F1 Cockapoo Better Than an F2 Cockapoo?
So how does a first generation mix compare to a second generation mix?
Well, since the first generation mix combines two purebred dogs, puppies can be more varied. Some may favor one breed over the other, rather than showing as a perfect blend. You often won’t be able to tell until the puppies arrive.
Second generation Cockapoos mix two f1 dogs. So, there will be slightly less variation, especially if you breed two Cockapoos that are very similar.
This can mean that second generation Cockapoos are a lot more predictable. But, there’s always the chance that puppies can vary, especially if your first generation mixes have any recessive, hidden genes!
One generation isn’t necessarily better than another. But, a second generation mix might be better for you if you’re looking for a puppy with more predictable traits.
Are F1 Cockapoos Hypoallergenic?
As we know, most potential owners are hoping to get a hypoallergenic, no-shedding dog when they buy a Cockapoo mix. However, in truth there is no such thing as a hypoallergenic dog.
Poodles have tight curls in their coat that catch shedding fur and make them appear like a no-shedding breed. But in reality, the proteins that trigger allergy symptoms are actually found in canine dander, saliva, and urine.
So, Poodles still have these proteins, and some studies have found that “hypoallergenic” breeds like this can trigger allergies just as much as non-hypoallergenic breeds.
The best way to see if a dog triggers your allergies is to spend time with them before committing and bringing them home.
Alternatively, stick to a very strict cleaning schedule. Hoover up daily and wash your dog’s bedding regularly. Get a non-allergic family member to groom your Cockapoo every day too – but groom them outside so that any loose dander won’t fall on your carpet!
Finding F1 Cockapoo Breeders
Mixed breed dogs like the Cockapoo are very popular at the moment. So, it won’t be too hard to find a breeder. But, it may be a little harder to find a reputable breeder.
You should avoid buying from puppy mills, pet stores, and backyard breeders, as these places often take less care of their dogs, and don’t health test to produce the healthiest puppies possible.
Reputable breeders will health test both parents before breeding to ensure they are at low risk of passing on any health issues to their litter. They will be able to provide evidence of health testing when you come to view the puppies.
And they will have no issues letting you see the puppies and the mother dog. Plus, they’ll be happy and able to answer any questions you have. Reputable f1 Cockapoo breeders will be knowledgeable about mixed breeds in general, as well as Cockapoos and the various generations.
A great place to start your search is through breed organizations near you. Your vet may also have some contacts that you can get in touch with.
You’ll find plenty of breeders advertising puppies online. But, you will need to work a little harder to ensure that they are good quality, and not just someone looking to make a quick profit from their family dog.
How Much is an F1 Cockapoo?
The price of a Cockapoo puppy will vary depending on a number of factors. But, on average an f1 Cockapoo puppy will cost anywhere between $1000 and £3000.
Factors that could affect the price of puppies include:
- Demand/Breed popularity
- Their coat type
- Coat color
- Quality of the parents
- Time of year
- And more.
Puppies from backyard breeders, pet stores, and puppy mills will often be much cheaper than those from a reputable breeder. But, since they are much more likely to experience behavioral and health problems as they grow, they can cost a lot more in the long run.
Ultimately, it’s usually worth the higher upfront cost for a reputable breeder. If you’re struggling to meet the price of these puppies, consider rescuing a slightly older f1 Cockapoo instead.
Rescue dogs are often much cheaper, and you will get a better idea of a dog’s personality before committing.
F1 Cockapoo Care
First generation Cockapoo care will vary from one puppy to another. This is because these puppies can be quite different from one another!
One puppy may need a similar level of grooming to a purebred Poodle, but another might just have loose curls that need grooming once or twice a week.
Either way, this is an active breed that needs regular exercise once its joints have fully developed. They are also very intelligent, and will need plenty of mental stimulation to keep them from becoming bored.
Cockapoos are social dogs that are happiest when they get to spend time with their family. They won’t do well in homes where they’re left alone for long periods.
Training and socialization should also start early to ensure your Cockapoo is confident and happy around strangers and other animals as they get older.
For more help with Cockapoo care, take a look at the following articles.
- Food For Cockapoo Puppies, Dogs, And Seniors
- Cockapoo Training: An Expert Guide
- Toys For Cockapoos Who Love To Play
- Best Brush For Cockapoo Curls – How To Tame The Mane
- Best Harness For A Cockapoo – Walking Your Dog In Comfort
Do You Have an F1 Cockapoo?
This little dog is quickly growing in popularity thanks to the designer dog breed boom. And it’s becoming much more common to see Cockapoos running around the dog park!
Is an f1 Cockapoo right for your home? Or do you want something a little more predictable, like an f1b Cockapoo?
For the right family, an f1 Cockapoo can be a wonderful addition! But make sure you’re choosing reputable breeders that health test their parent dogs, or rescuing a Cockapoo in need!
We would love to hear your experiences with this mix in the comments below.
References and Resources
- Turcsan, B. (et al), ‘Owner Perceived Differences Between Mixed Breed and Purebred Dogs‘, Plos One (2017)
- Butt, A. (et al), ‘Do Hypoallergenic Cats and Dogs Exist?’, Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (2012)
- Vredegoor, D. (et al), ‘Can f 1 Levels in Hair and Homes of Different Dog Breeds: Lack of Evidence to Describe Any Dog Breed as Hypoallergenic’, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (2012)
- Voris, H. (et al), ‘Characterization of Advertisements for Puppies Sold Online: Determinants of Cost and a Comparison with Parent Club Breeders’, Preventive Veterinary Medicine (2011)