The Chihuahua Dachshund mix is short, light and compact designer hybrid dog. They are commonly known as Chiweenies, but also Weeniehuahua, German Taco Dogs, Choxies and Mexican Hot Dogs. Although they seem like the ultimate lapdog or apartment pet, these high maintenance cuties have their share of problems. Small in stature but fiesty in personality, this pocket pup is loyal and loving but also a tenacious, stubborn, strong minded companion. They can be good watchdogs and guard dogs, but protective and aggressive instincts even with a little dog can spell big issues. And are more energetic, if not athletic, than you might think. However, choosing a puppy from friendly parents and socializing and training them positively can help your puppy to grow into a more relaxed adult dog. Today we’ll share the typical breed traits and characteristics of the Chihuahua Dachshund mix.
The sassy Chihuahua Dachshund mix comes in a variety of types, including mini, micro and teacup sizes. They range from 3 to 30 lbs in weight and grow between 6 and 9 inches tall. They can be amazing pets, but need special care for potential health problems with their teeth, joints and backs. Treated well though they can live for up to 20 years, which is pretty awesome. Chiweenies are better suited to adult only homes, or those with sensible older kids.
- What is a Chiweenie?
- Where do Chihuahua Dachshund mixes come from?
- How big are Chihuahua Dachshund mix dogs?
- Chihuahua Dachshund mix coats, colors and grooming
- Are Chihuahua Dachshund mix dogs friendly or aggressive?
- Training and exercising a Chihuahua Dachshund mix
- Do Chiweenies make good family pets?
- Chihuahua Dachshund mix adoption, puppies and breeders
Today we’ll check out the pros and cons of finding, raising and caring for a tiny Chiweenie puppy. We’ll look at what Chihuahua Dachshund mix coat colors and patterns, body types and heads will be like. And see whether their traits, behaviors and personality are a good fit for your family and lifestyle. We’ll learn about the origin, personality, appearance and potential health issues of the Chiweenie cross. Along with the designer dog controversy of the Dachshund and Chihuahua mix. Helping you decide if this is the best breed for you.
What is a Chiweenie?
A Chihuahua Dachshund mix is often known as a Chiweenie. They have one purebred Chihuahua parent and one Dachshund parent, or are bred from next generation Chiweenie dogs.
- Purpose: Companions
- Size: 3 – 32lbs, depending on size of parents
- Temperament: loyal, brave, tenacious
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix History
A Chiweenie is a cross between a purebred Chihuahua and a purebred Dachshund. Both of these parent breeds have been around for quite some time. But the Chiweenie is a much more recent creation that has become more popular since the 1990s.
Chihuahuas became popular in the United States sometime in the 1800s. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed as a member of the toy group in 1904.
The Dachshund was recognized by the AKC a little later, in 1935. This breed was originally used to hunt badgers, foxes, and rabbits. However, the Dachshund and Chihuahua are both more commonly used as lap dogs these days. This purpose is shared by the Chiweenie, who is loved as a lap dog by its owners!
What does a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix look like?
There are hundreds of adorable pictures of Chiweenies online. But you might have noticed each Chiweenie dog can look quite different from the next. We must stress that predicting a hybrid puppy’s exact appearance is impossible to do. What we do know is they will be short, light and long bodied. Their eyes will be big and soulful, and their tails will be straight.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Size
Based on the size of the Dachshund and Chihuahua, a Chiweenie will be a small dog. However, the type of Chihuahua or Dachshund that parents a Chiweenie will determine exactly how small the Chiweenie will stay.
Mini Chiweenie Size
Mini Chiweenies result from a normal-sized Chihuahua mating with a miniature Dachshund. Their offspring may weigh anywhere from 3 to 11 pounds.
Teacup Chiweenie Size
Teacup Chiweenies result from a teacup (unusually small) Chihuahua mating with a standard-sized Dachshund. Their puppies may weigh anywhere from 3 to 32 pounds.
This can seem like quite a big scale, but taking a look at the exact parent dogs used will give you a general idea of your Chiweenie’s adult size.
How Tall is a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix?
The same difficulty applies when predicting the height of your Chiweenie. It’s appearance could be any combination of its parent breeds, including their heights. A Chiweenie can measure up to 9 inches tall at the shoulder. But obviously this may decrease if either parent breed is a miniature.
Miniature Dachsies typically mature to 6 inches at the shoulder, which is the same for standard Chihuahuas. Their small size may be adorable, but it comes with some serious potential health implications, which we’ll look at in a bit.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Coats
Chiweenies may be solid-colored or bi-colored. Both the Dachshund and the Chihuahua come in a wide variety of solid colors. These include: black, chocolate, red, cream, fawn, and blue. But they can also be a mixture of colors!
They could be black and silver, fawn and tan, blue and cream, and many more combinations. Your Chiweenie’s parents are a good indicator of the colors it could inherit.
Chiweenie Coat Types
Due to the variation in their parents’ fur coats, Chiweenies may have a short or long coat that is smooth, course, or wirehaired. Standard Chihuahuas have a short and smooth coat. But Long Haired Chihuahuas have a much longer and shaggier coat.
Dachshunds may be smooth-haired (medium in length), longhaired, or wirehaired. There is no easy way to tell which coat type a litter of pups will end up with before they arrive.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Grooming
The grooming requirements of your Chiweenie will depend entirely on the type of coat it inherits. Although this is something we can make a guess about, but can’t really know until our Chiweenie puppy arrives.
If a Chiweenie inherits a short and smooth coat, then it will require minimal brushing, maybe a bit more if it has the Dachshund’s medium-length coat. If a Chiweenie inherits a longhaired or wirehaired coat, then it will need some brushing as well as a bit of grooming.
Are Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Dogs Hypoallergenic?
Both parent breeds shed seasonally, so you can expect this from your Chiweenie. With a longer coat comes increased grooming requirements during shedding season.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Temperament
Since the Chiweenie is a mix of two pure breeds, we can only make an educated guess about his temperament. This estimate is based on the general temperament of his parents.
Generally, Chiweenies are brave, confident, tenacious dogs. They are typically not good with small children. But they’re very social and love spending time with their owners. Let’s take a closer look at what instincts they might inherit from their parent breeds.
Chiweenie Natural Instincts
Dachshunds originated as hunting dogs, and Chihuahuas were bred for their devoted personality. Therefore, Chiweenies can be feisty and occasionally snappy dogs. They also tend to be bold and take-charge dogs.
Don’t expect to see a Chiweenie who is aloof when it comes to strangers being around “their” human! If a Chiweenie takes after its Dachshund parent, she may also enjoy chasing after wildlife. This can become problematic if you have other small pets in your home.
Are Chihuahua Dachshund Mixes Noisy?
Chiweenies are generally pretty yippy dogs. Dachshunds, a hound breed, are loud, and Chihuahuas are also known for their vocalization. These tendencies for barking may exist in your Chiweenie mix.
This could be part of its natural guarding instincts and loyal tendencies, as Chiweenies are known to bark to announce the arrival of strangers. If you are looking for a quieter dog, the Chiweenie might not be the one for you. However, you can train your Chiweenie not to bark in some situations!
Are Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Dogs Aggressive?
Chihuahuas are very loyal to their owners, so they are prone to aggression against strangers. And Dachshunds tend to shy away from children. Chiweenies can inherit these tendencies.
Aggression against strangers and children can make daily life with a Chiweenie difficult. Often aggression is a dog owner’s biggest fear. However, there are some ways we can try to minimise potential aggression.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Socialization
Socialization is the most important way to help minimise potential aggression in your Chiweenie. You should socialize your Chiweenie mix from the day you bring him home to try and alleviate this potential.
Socialization will help your Chiweenie feel confident in new situations, and can help avoid a fear-driven response. Chiweenies can also be socialized to be more accepting of children. However socialization must be started whilst your Chiweenie is as young as possible.
It’s important to remember that with any hybrid, the temperament of the dog may closely resemble one of its parents. Or it may be a happy mix of the two.
Are Chiweenies Good with Kids?
Both Dachsies and Chihuahuas are not the most tolerant when it comes to young children. Or being poked, prodded, and pulled on. We’ve already talked a little about socializing your dog to children and strangers from a young age. However, it’s also important to teach any children in your family not to mess with your Chiweenie!
Never leave them unattended together, and make sure the dog always has access to an area away from them to escape to. As long as children are taught to respect your Chiweenie, it can make a great family pet, as it loves being around people!
Training your Chihuahua Dachshund Mix
Obedience training from a young age is often a must with Chiweenies, especially as they can be a little stubborn. They may inherit some mannerisms from their parent breeds that aren’t too favorable to deal with.
Dachshunds were originally bred to be fearless hunting dogs. This bold attitude that still resides in many a Dachsie may show itself in your Chiweenie attempting to take your place as the head of the household!
Additionally, Chihuahuas may also display dominant or occasionally “temperamental” behavior. Especially if they do not like someone approaching their owner. They typically need to be socialized to other people in order to keep this extreme loyalty at bay.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Exercise
Chiweenies can inherit certain health problems that make extreme exercise problematic. Because of these potential issues, it’s best to keep their exercise limited to light play, without much jumping.
Additionally, if your Chiweenie has teacup Chihuahua or miniature Dachshund lineage, then their extra small size may put them at risk for breaking bones easier than larger, hardier breeds.
That’s not to say that a Chihuahua and weenie dog mix should be mostly sedentary. In fact, they should be allowed plenty of play time to get keep their excitability in check!
One nice thing about a Chiweenie (or any other toy-sized dog) is that they don’t require a large space to run around in. They are so small that a moderately sized apartment would be plenty for them to stretch their legs.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Health
There are some health issues that may affect a dog, regardless of their breed. Chiweenies are no different; they may be born with health issues, or they may develop certain issues over time.
A few common canine ailments include hip dysplasia, eye diseases, allergies, and skin irritations. In the case of hybrid dogs, they may inherit any health conditions that their parents carry. Specifically with a Chiweenie, inherited health issues are intervertebral disc disease and dental disease.
Intervertebral Disc Disease
Dachshunds have long backs and are held aloft on very short legs. This combination is the result of targeted breeding over the years. Unfortunately, it’s contributed vastly to the prevalence of intervertebral disc disease (spinal degeneration) in Dachshunds and Dachshund hybrids.
Like humans, Dachshunds’ spinal columns are composed of vertebrae, with a “disk” separating each vertebra. Every time a dog moves, pressure is exerted on these disks. As the dog ages and their bone structure wears down some, the disks are unable to withstand and disseminate shock like they used to.
Too much force can cause a disk to squeeze and rupture. At this point, an affected dog may be unwilling or even unable to move his hind legs. Depending on the severity of the condition, he may or may not recover. To do so he’ll need rest, temporary confinement, or even surgery.
How common is intervertebral disc disease in Chiweenies?
A 2011 study showed that intervertebral disc disease may also, in a way, be hereditary. Meaning, if several dogs in a family of Dachshunds or Dachshund hybrids have weak backs (risk of disk calcification) and are prone to herniation, future generations will be more likely to develop intervertebral disc disease. Therefore, it is really important to choose reputable breeders when getting a Chiweenie.
Make sure to ask about the health of the parent dogs used to create your Chiweenie, and to see health certificates if possible!
Teacup Chiweenie Problems
Another possible Chiweenie health issue to consider is the extreme shortening of legs when a Dachshund is bred to a Chihuahua. Mating Dachshunds with Chihuahuas generally results in a smaller Dachshund lookalike.
However, depending on the size of the parents, the offspring’s legs could be so short that they are unable to fully support their bodies. This type of body structure puts even more stress on the spine as well as the legs, putting the dog at even greater risk of disk herniation.
If a Chiweenie has more of a Chihuahua facial appearance (small skull with large eyes, a bulbous forehead, and large, upright ears), then it may have issues with overcrowded teeth. According to a 2005 study, many dog breeds that mature to less than 20 pounds suffer from early-onset poor dental health due to inherited overcrowded teeth, the formation of periodontal disease, and subsequent tooth loss.
Simply put, if a small dog has the same number of teeth as a much larger dog, their teeth are spaced very closely together (and can sometimes come in crooked). Such close proximity makes it very easy for plaque and bacteria to grow on and between each tooth. This contributes to the formation of gingivitis and eventual tooth decay and loss.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Teeth
Given the potential problems with dental disease in Chiweenies, maintaining dental health is even more important. This means taking him for his annual check-ups as well as brushing his teeth.
If your dog doesn’t like to cooperate with teeth brushing, you can give him dental health or teeth-cleaning chew sticks and toys that are specifically made for small dogs.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Lifespan
You can expect a mixed breed dog to live about as long as its parent breeds. Therefore, the Chihuahua Dachshund Mix can be expected to live for approximately 12 to 20 years.
This is at the higher end a good life expectancy. However, the risk is that it will be spent riddled with back and/or dental problems. This is something you will need to seriously consider as a potential owner, not only for your own benefit, but for the quality of life of your dog.
Fun facts about the Chiweenie
Chiweenies are popular dogs that have taken the world by storm! Their popularity is clear even on social media! A Chiweenie named Tuna has over 2 million followers on Instagram! Tuna even has his own website, and a blog of his latest travels! Chiweenies are also sometimes called the Mexican Hotdog, by owners with a sense of humor!
Do Chiweenies make Good Family Pets?
Before you make the big decision on your next family dog, there are a few things to consider. Especially if your heart is set on a Chiweenie.
While their small size is favorable if you have a smaller living space, it can also bring with it some health concerns.
For the Chiweenie that inherits its Chihuahua parent’s small skull and mouth, you’ll need to be more diligent about his dental health. He’ll need regular cleanings and checkups. Since his teeth will likely sit very closely together and may trap bacteria more easily than a dog whose mouth can adequately accommodate their teeth. You’ll need to ensure you have the time to dedicate to keeping on top of this.
You’ll also need to dedicate time to the grooming requirements of your Chiweenie. If a Chiweenie inherits the long fur of their Long Haired Chihuahua or longhaired or wirehaired Dachshund parent(s), then they may need to be professionally groomed every so often. However, if they have a smooth and short to medium-length coat, then they’ll be fine with some brushing.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Pros And Cons
So, as we’ve seen, there are good and bad parts to the Chiweenie breed, just like any mix! Here’s a brief summary of everything we’ve learnt about the Chiweenie.
- They are loyal to their owners.
- They don’t require a lot of space.
- Chiweenies don’t require a huge amount of exercise.
- If healthy, they can have a really long lifespan.
- The Chiweenie has some quite serious hereditary health problems.
- You’ll need to spend lots of time with them.
- Their coats can be high maintenance.
- Their dental health requires lots of attention.
- They can be aggressive towards strangers and young children.
- Chiweenies can inherit natural chase instincts, which is problematic if you have other small animals.
Best Home for a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix
We’ve seen Chiweenies inherit the Dachsie’s short legs, long and weak back structure, and possibly a genetic condition that predisposes them to back problems. It’s best that they live in a home where jumping or going up and down steep steps won’t be part of their daily activities.
This is especially important to remember if the Chiweenie’s stature is even further diminished by having a teacup Chihuahua and/or a miniature Dachshund as a parent.
Furthermore, Chiweenies that will be able to play outdoors while at home will need a fenced-in yard that’s inescapable or hard to get under. If they inherit the Dachsie’s strong nose, eye for prey, and front legs that are great for digging, they could get up to some mischief outside!
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Rescue
If your heart is set on getting a Chiweenie, but you don’t mind about its age, you might want to consider a rescue dog. Not only is this a great way to get the dog of your dreams, but it also gives an older dog a second chance to have a loving home. Additionally, it can help provide older Chiweenies with health problems the chance to have a family.
Finding a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Puppy
Many breeders focus solely on raising purebred dogs. However, because of the popularity of this designer dog, you may have a slightly easier time finding a Chiweenie breeder. Designer breeds usually range in price from a few hundred dollars to $1,000 or more, depending on the parent stock and the value that the breeder places on them. When purchased from a breeder, Chiweenies average from about $400 to $650.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Breeders
It is important to make sure the breeder you choose is reputable. Make sure they take care of the puppies and breeding stock (good health is obvious!), and participate in genetic testing.
If you don’t wish to purchase a Chiweenie from a breeder, then you may be able to adopt one from an animal shelter or rescue. However, finding a Chiweenie puppy from shelters and rescues may be more tricky.
Hybrids and mixed breeds are more commonly found in shelters than purebreds are. With an adopted older Chihuahua Dachshund mix you can have more information about their temperament and general health too.
Comparing the Chiweenie with other breeds
Are you wondering how the Chiweenie compares with other mixed breeds? Have a look at our Dachshund Mixes review to see how the Chiweenie compares to other Dachshund hybrids!
Although Chihuahua Dachshund mixes are gorgeous, there are a lot of potential pitfalls you could come across when buying and raising one.
You will need to think seriously about whether you are happy to bring up a puppy with such a big potential for health and temperament problems as these cute little guys have. Here are some other lovely smaller dogs we recommend you consider as alternatives:
Check out these other mini breeds
Chiweenie Breed Rescues
If you’ve decided rescuing a Chiweenie is the way forward for you, take a look at these rescue sites.
- Dog’s Trust UK
- Texas Chihuahua Rescue
- Chihuahua and Small Dog Rescue
- Tiny Paws Dog Rescue Canada
- Pet Rescue Australia
If you know any other rescues or shelters we can add to this list, let us know in the comments below!
References And Resources
- Kyllar, M., Witter, K. “Prevalence of dental disorders in pet dogs”. Veterinary Medicine – Czech, 2005.
- Silver, G. “Dachshund and Intervertebral Disk Disease,”. Journal of Heredity, 2011.
- Sloth Mogensen et al.. “Genome-Wide Association Study in Dachshund: Identification of a Major Locus Affecting Intervertebral Disc Calcification”. Journal of Heredity, 2011.
- Gough, A. et al. “Breed Predispositions to Disease In Dogs and Cats”. Wiley Blackwell, 2018.
- O’Neill et al. “Longevity and Mortality of Dogs Owned in England”. The Veterinary Journal, 2013.
- Schalamon et al. “Analysis of Dog Bites in Children Who are Younger than 17 Years”. Pediatrics, 2006.
- Duffy, D. et al. “Breed Differences in Canine Aggression”. Applied Animal Behavior Science, 2008.
- Packer. et al. “Impact of Facial Conformation on Canine Health”. PlosOne, 2015.