Welcome to your complete guide to the Dachshund Chihuahua mix breed dog!
The Dachshund x chihuahua, affectionately known as the “Chiweenie,” is a mixed breed that’s popular with people who like small dogs.
In this article, we’ll learn about the origin, personality, appearance and potential health issues.
Along with the designer dog controversy of the “Wiener” dog and Chihuahua mix.
Helping you to decide whether the Chihuahua Dachshund Mix is the right new pup for you and your family.
What is a Chiweenie?
A Chiweenie is a cross between a purebred Chihuahua and a purebred Dachshund.
It resembles a Chihuahua in the face, head, and ears, with the longer back and shorter legs of a Dachshund.
To learn more about where the Chiweenie gets its looks, we first need to understand his history.
Where did the Chiweenie come from?
Let’s chat about the Chiweenie’s parent breeds, the Chihuahua and the Dachshund!
The Chihuahua breed has been around for quite some time.
Some individuals believe that the Chihuahua was first bred in what we know today as Mexico, but others believe that they were first bred in Asia.
Known today as the smallest dog breed, it’s ironic that the Chihuahua probably wasn’t always so tiny. It’s thought that the Chihuahua’s ancestor, the Techichi dogs, were larger, but crossbreeding them with Asian hairless dogs influenced the tiny size of today’s Chihuahuas.
Chihuahuas eventually became popular in the United States sometime in the 1800s. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed as a member of the toy group in 1904.
Since then, Chihuahuas have been mostly kept as pets, but a few have become popular TV stars. Who could forget the Taco Bell Chihuahua or “Bruiser” from Legally Blonde?
The Dachshund is another breed that has been around for quite some time; he appears in historical records from the 15th century!
The beloved “weiner dog” was first developed in Germany as a “badger hound”, with short legs to get dig into badger, fox, and rabbit tunnels. They also needed strong backs to withstand the digging and a feisty demeanor for getting the job done.
Dachshunds made their way to the United States during the late 1800s. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed as a member of the hound group in 1935.
Their role today is a bit different from their ancestors, though. “Dachsies” can hunt with the best of them (we’re looking at you, Labradors!), sure, but they are more commonly found as beloved lap dogs today.
Now that we know where Chiweenies come from, we can get an understanding of their general temperaments.
Since the Chihuahua and Dachshund is a mix of two pure breeds, though, we can only make an educated guess about what his temperament will be.
This guess is based on the general temperament of his parents.
Based on their parentage, here are a couple of personality-related Chiweenie facts.
They can be feisty and occasionally snappy dogs, thanks to the Dachshund’s hunting blood and the Chihuahua’s extremely devoted personality. Chihuahua Dachshund mix are brave and tenacious, which some people love, but this can be taken too far.
They also tend to be bold and take-charge dogs…don’t expect to see a Chiweenie who is aloof when it comes to strangers being around “their” human! It’s essential to socialization a Chihuahua Dachshund mix very thoroughly from the day you get him home, to try and alleviate this potential.
They are typically not good with small children.
Chihuahuas are very loyal to their owners, so they are prone to aggression against people who are not their owners, and Dachshunds tend to shy away from children. However, a Chiweenie can be socialized to accept children (and other people) if this is started at a young age.
The other issue when it comes to kids is their size. They are vulnerable to being damaged by over enthusiastic hands.
They are generally yippy dogs. Dachshunds, a hound breed, are loud, and Chihuahuas are also known for their vocalization.
If a Chiweenie takes after its Dachshund parent, she may enjoy chasing after wildlife.
It’s important to remember that with any hybrid, the temperament of the dog may closely resemble one of its parents, or it may be a happy mix of the two. You’re taking a gamble every time you mix two different dog breeds.
Chihuahua dachshund mix height and weight
Based on the size of the Dachshund and Chihuahua, a Chihuahua and dachshund mix will be a small dog.
However, the type of Chihuahua or Dachshund that parent a Chiweenie will determine exactly how small the Chiweenie will stay.
Mini chiweenies result from a normal-sized Chihuahua mating with a miniature Dachshund. Their offspring may weigh anywhere from 3 to 11 pounds.
Teacup chiweenies result from a teacup (unusually small) Chihuahua mating with a standard-sized Dachshund. Their offspring may weigh anywhere from 3 to 32 pounds.
Additionally, a chihuahua cross dachshund may measure up to 9 inches tall at the shoulder, but this may decrease if the Dachshund parent is a miniature. Miniature Dachsies typically mature to 6 inches at the shoulder, which is the same for standard Chihuahuas.
There small size may be adorable, but it comes with some serious potential health implications, which we’ll look at in a bit.
Dachshund and Chihuahua mix colors
We must stress that predicting a hybrid puppy’s exact appearance is impossible to do. One thing that can be predicted, though, is that the puppies will resemble one or both of their parent breeds.
In the case of the Dachshund Chihuahua Mix, they may be solid-colored or bi-colored.
Both the Dachshund and the Chihuahua come in a wide variety of solid colors, such as black, chocolate, red, cream, fawn, and blue, but they can also be black and silver, fawn and tan, blue and cream, and many more combinations.
Dachshund Chihuahua Mix grooming and shedding
Due to the variation in their parents’ fur coats, Chiweenies may have a short or long coat that is smooth, course, or wirehaired.
Standard Chihuahuas have a short and smooth coat, but Long Coat Chihuahuas have a much longer and shaggier coat. They shed seasonally.
Dachshunds may be smooth-haired (medium in length), longhaired, or wirehaired. They also shed seasonally.
If a Chiweenie inherits a short and smooth coat, then it will require minimal brushing, maybe a bit more if it has the Dachshund’s medium-length coat.
If a Chiweenie inherits a longhaired or wirehaired coat, then it will need some brushing as well as a bit of grooming. With a longer coat comes increased grooming requirements during shedding season.
There is no easy way to tell which coat type a litter of pups will end up with before they arrive.
Chihuahua dachshund mix health
There are some health issues that may affect a dog, regardless of their breed. Chiweenies are no different; they may be born with health issues, or they may develop certain issues over time.
A few common canine ailments include hip dysplasia, eye diseases, allergies, and skin irritations.
In the case of hybrid dogs, they may inherit any health conditions that their parents carry.
Specifically with a Chihuahua mixed with weiner dog, inherited health issues could be intervertebral disc disease and dental disease.
Intervertebral disc disease
There are a couple of risk factors for Chiweenies when it comes to their structural health.
Dachshunds have long backs and are held aloft on very short legs. This combination is the result of targeted breeding over the years. Unfortunately, it’s contributed vastly to the prevalence of intervertebral disc disease (spinal degeneration) in Dachshunds and Dachshund hybrids.
Like humans, Dachunds’ spinal columns are composed of vertebrae, with a “disk” separating each vertebra. Every time a dog moves, pressure is exerted on these disks.
As the dog ages and their bone structure wears down some, the disks are unable to withstand and disseminate shock like they used to. Too much force can cause a disk to squeeze and rupture. Releasing all kind of fluids and the disk to extrude from the spine.
At this point, an affected dog may be unwilling or even unable to move his hind legs. Due to partial or full paralysis. Depending on the severity of the condition, he may or may not recover. To do so he’ll need rest, temporary confinement, or even surgery.
Unfortunately for Dachsies, once they have herniated a disc, they are very likely to do so again.
So, what does all of this have to do with Chiweenies?
A 2011 study showed that intervertebral disc disease may also, in a way, be hereditary.
Meaning, if several dogs in a family of Dachshunds or Dachshund hybrids are known to have weak backs (risk of disk calcification) and are prone to herniation. Then chances are good that future generations will be prone to develop intervertebral disc disease.
Another possible Chiweenie health issue to consider is the extreme shortening of legs when a Dachshund is bred to a Chihuahua.
Since mating Dachshunds with Chihuahuas generally results in a smaller Dachshund lookalike, depending on the size of the parents, the offspring’s legs could be so short that they are unable to fully support their bodies.
This type of body structure puts even more stress on the spine as well as the legs, putting the dog at even greater risk of disk herniation.
Furthermore, if a Chiweenie has more of a Chihuahua facial appearance (small skull with large eyes, a bulbous forehead, and large, upright ears), then it may have issues with overcrowded teeth.
According to a 2005 study, many dog breeds that mature to less than 20 pounds suffer from early-onset poor dental health due to inherited overcrowded teeth, the formation of periodontal disease, and subsequent tooth loss.
Simply put, if a small dog has the same number of teeth as a much larger dog, their teeth are spaced very closely together (and can sometimes come in crooked). Such close proximity makes it very easy for plaque and bacteria to grow on and between each tooth, both of which contribute to the formation of gingivitis and eventual tooth decay and loss.
With this in mind, it’s important that you stay on top of your Chiweenie’s dental health.
This means taking him for his annual check-ups as well as brushing his teeth. If your dog doesn’t like to cooperate with teeth brushing as much, you can give him dental health or teeth-cleaning chew sticks and toys that are specifically made for small dogs.
As with any breed, if you’re looking to purchase a puppy from a breeder, be sure that the breeder uses genetic testing on both parents. This could help to determine the specific health conditions they could potentially pass on to their offspring.
Chihuahua weenie dog mix exercise requirements
Since Chiweenies are at a bit of a heightened risk for developing back problems, it’s best to keep their exercise limited to light play, without much jumping.
Additionally, if your Chiweenie has teacup Chihuahua or miniature Dachshund lineage, then their extra small size may put them at risk for breaking bones easier than larger, hardier breeds.
That’s not to say that a Chihuahua and weenie dog mix should be mostly sedentary; in fact, they should be allowed plenty of play time to get keep their excitability in check!
One nice thing about a Chiweenie (or any other toy-sized dog) is that they don’t require a large space to run around in. They are so small that a moderately sized apartment would be plenty for them to stretch their legs.
Chiweenie dog training
Obedience training from a young age is often a must with Chiweenies. They may inherit some mannerisms from their parent breeds that aren’t too favorable to deal with.
As we mentioned earlier, Dachshunds were originally bred to be fearless hunting dogs. This bold attitude that still resides in many a Dachsie may show itself in his attempting to take your place as the head of the household! This type of behavior needs to be addressed if you want to have a healthy relationship with your pet.
Additionally, Chihuahuas may also display dominant or occasionally “temperamental” behavior, especially if they do not like someone approaching their owner. They typically need to be socialized to other people in order to keep this extreme loyalty at bay.
Socializing Chihuahua Dachshund Mixes
Both Dachsies and Chihuahuas are not the most tolerant when it comes to young children. Or being poked, prodded, and pulled on.
Still dead set on getting a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix and you have or plan to have young children? Then we advise that you not only socialize your dog to the children (and other people) from a young age. But that you also teach your children not to mess with the dog.
Never leave them unattended together, and make sure the dog always has access to an area away from them to escape to.
How long do Chiweenies live?
You can expect a mixed breed dog to live about as long as its parent breeds. Therefore, the Chihuahua Dachshund Mix can be expected to live for approximately 12 to 20 years.
This is at the higher end a good life expectancy. However, the risk is that it will be spent riddled with back and/or dental problems.
This is something you will need to seriously consider as a potential owner.
Buying or adopting a Chiweenie
Many breeders focus solely on raising purbred dogs. However, because of the popularity of this designer dog, you may have a slightly easier time finding a Chiweenie breeder.
Designer breeds usually range in price from a few hundred dollars to $1,000 or more. Depending on the parent stock and the value that the breeder places on them. When purchased from a breeder, Chiweenies average from about $400 to $650.
When purchasing any dog from a breeder, be sure that your selected breeder is reputable. That they take care of the puppies and breeding stock (good health is obvious!), and participates in genetic testing.
If you don’t wish to purchase a Chiweenie from a breeder, then you may be able to adopt one from an animal shelter or rescue.
Hybrid puppies and mixed breeds are more commonly found in shelters than purebreds are.
With an adopted older Chihuahua Dachshund mix you can have more information with regards to their temperament and general health too.
Is a Chiweenie a good family dog?
Before you make the big decision on your next family dog, there are a few things to consider, especially if you’re looking into a Chihuahua Dachshund Mix.
While their small size is favorable if you have a smaller living space, it can also bring with it some health concerns.
For the Chiweenie that inherits its Chihuahua parent’s small skull and mouth, you’ll need to be more diligent about his dental health. He’ll need regular cleanings and checkups. Since his teeth will likely sit very closely together and may trap bacteria more easily than a dog whose mouth can adequately accommodate their teeth.
Additionally, since Chiweenies inherit the Dachsie’s short legs, long and weak back structure. And possibly a genetic condition that predisposes them to back problems. It’s best that they live in a home where jumping or going up and down steep steps won’t be part of their daily activities.
This is especially important to remember if the Chiweenie’s stature is even further diminished by having a teacup Chihuahua and/or a miniature Dachshund as a parent.
Chihuahua Dachshund Mix Pets
Furthermore, Chiweenies that will be able to play outdoors while at home will need a fenced-in yard that’s inescapable or hard to get under, as they typically inherit the Dachsie’s strong nose, eye for prey, and front legs that are great for digging.
If a Chiweenie inherits the long fur of their Long Coat Chihuahua or longhaired or wirehaired Dachshund parent(s), then they may need to be professionally groomed every so often. However, if they have a smooth and short to medium-length coat, then they’ll be fine with some brushing.
Finally, socialization to other pets, people, and children as well as obedience training from a young age is important for Chiweenies, as they may inherit their parent breeds’ bold and sometimes challenging tendencies as well as a dislike for people who are not their owners.
A Final Thought From The Happy Puppy Site
Although Chihuahua Dachshund mixes are gorgeous, there are a lot of potential pitfalls you could come across when buying and raising one.
You will need to think seriously about whether you are happy to bring up a puppy with such a big potential for health and temperament problems as these cute little guys have.
Here are some other lovely smaller dogs we recommend you consider as alternatives:
- Kyllar, M., Witter, K. “Prevalence of dental disorders in pet dogs”. Veterinary Medicine – Czech, 2005.
- Silver, G. “Dachshund and Intervertebral Disk Disease”.
- Sloth Mogensen, M., Karlskov-Mortensen,P., Proschowsky, H.F., Lingaas, F., Lappalainen, A., Lohi, H., Jensen, V.F., Fredholm, M. “Genome-Wide Association Study in Dachshund: Identification of a Major Locus Affecting Intervertebral Disc Calcification”. Journal of Heredity, 2011.