Small Poodle mixes combine a Toy or Miniature Poodle with another small breed. Many breeders hope to merge popular personalities with adorable looks into one tiny package. Miniature Poodle mix dogs are favored for their low-shedding and fluffy coats. But first-generation mixes do not always have the Poodle’s coat qualities.
Today we’ll meet the most popular small Poodle mixes, and find out their pros and cons. We’ll learn about the breed traits of each mini doodle mix, and separate the facts from the fiction. Giving you the rundown on grooming, coats, colors, personalties, health, lifespan and pet suitability. Let’s find out which puppy will fit with your lifestyle.
Are Small Poodle Mixes Hypoallergenic?
No dog is truly hypoallergenic, because all dogs produce dander that carries allergens. And this doesn’t just come from their coats and skin, it is in their salvia too. However, Poodles with their tight curls are very low shedding dogs. This means as long as they are kept in a good coat condition and your house is kept clean, the risks of allergic reaction is low. However, small Poodle mixes like the Cockapoo can cause allergic reactions to some pet parents. This is because their coat is not always the same texture. We’ll look at each popular little Poodle mix breed in turn and see whether each one is likely to be low allergy, as well as finding out all about their qualities as pets!
Small Poodle Mix Breeds
With so many small Poodle mixes, the possibilities are endless. So, every owner can find one that truly suits their home and family life. Are you ready to find out which of these 22 small Poodle mixes is perfect for you? Let’s go!
1. Bich Poo
The Bichon Poodle is a Bichon Frise mixed with a Miniature or Toy Poodle. This mini Poodle mix is highly active, but also very patient, making a great family pet. But, like many small Poodle mixes, Bichon Poodles can be quite the little barkers. Barking will often be made worse when they are left alone for long periods of time, since this mix is prone to separation anxiety. They do best in a home where they are never left alone for long periods of time.
Depending on whether the Poodle parent is Toy or Miniature, Bich Poos may weigh anywhere from 6 pounds to 12 pounds. The Bichpoo typically has a medium-length, curly coat which is white or apricot in color and which sheds minimally. Daily brushing and monthly coat trims are a grooming requirement.
Bich Poos are also prone to some health problems. These include tooth loss and gum infection (typically from overcrowding), cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). They can also have hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, and Von Willebrand’s disease. Their life expectancy is 12 to 15 years.
2. Bulldog Poodle Mix
The Bulldog Poodle mix combines an English Bulldog with a Miniature Poodle or a Toy Poodle. Generally, this hybrid is known to be gentle, friendly, and loyal to their family members. But, like any dog, it must be socialized well as a puppy for the best personality! This combination can be great with children, as long as playtime stays gentle and calm.
In terms of looks, this mix can be quite varied, since the parent breeds are so different to one another. Although they will usually stand between 12 and 14 inches tall, weight can range from 15 to 40 pounds as an adult! So, this is one of the larger mixes on this list. Some may have the Poodle’s curls, others may have the short straight Bulldog coat, and some may fall somewhere in between!
Sadly, this little mix is prone to quite a few health complications, including those associated with brachycephaly (a flat face). Breathing problems, overheating, dental crowding, and eye issues are just some of the serious health risks that these little dogs can suffer from. But, with good care and regular veterinary trips, they can live well into their teens.
If you cross a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with a Miniature or Toy Poodle, you get the Cavapoo! There are a couple of behavioral quirks with this hybrid, as there are with many small Poodle mixes. Cavapoo may exhibit guarding tendencies. But, proper socialization can alleviate this behavior. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have a high prey drive. So a Cavapoo may also want to chase after wildlife when they’re outside.
This cross may reach 10 to 18 pounds at maturity. They are sturdy dogs which thrive in a moderately active environment. But they also enjoy lounging in your lap. A Cavapoo may inherit their Spaniel parent’s long, silky coat, or their Poodle parent’s tightly curled coat. Or some combination of both. Their coat may be solid or multi-colored, and it may require weekly or daily brushing as well as regular trims. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels do shed seasonally. So Cavapoo shedding will depend entirely on the coat that your puppy inherits.
Possible health problems to keep an eye on are syringomyelia, which results in the dog’s skull being too small. Only get a puppy whose Cavalier parent has been scanned as clear for the condition. Additionally heart disease, Addison’s disease, Von Willebrand’s disease, bleeding disorders, diabetes, epilepsy. And bloat, hepatitis, and joint problems. They usually live for 10-18 years, with many reaching 12 years and beyond.
The top contender for the smallest Poodle mix has to be the Chipoo, which combines a Mini or Toy Poodle with a Chihuahua. Despite its tiny size, this mix has plenty of energy. It will need daily interaction and lots of mental stimulation! These little dogs will be loyal, devoted, and affectionate, but socialize them well to avoid any fear-based reactivity.
As an adult, the Toy Poodle Chihuahua mix will be anywhere between 3 and 20 pounds, standing from 5 to 15 inches tall. A Chipoo with a Miniature Poodle parent will often be a little larger. Their appearance will vary depending on the traits they inherit from each parent, but also on the type of Chihuahua used. Deer head Chihuahuas and apple head Chihuahuas have different skull shapes, leading to very different looking little dogs!
One major concern with this tiny mix is how fragile it is. This isn’t an ideal choice for a home with young children that could accidentally hurt it. Plus, they will be prone to common small Poodle mix health issues like patellar luxation, glaucoma, stomach problems, cataracts, and more. Only breeding from healthy parents can reduce this risk. On average, Chipoos tend to live to around 15 years.
The Cockapoo is a Cocker Spaniel crossed with a Miniature, Toy, or Standard Poodle. Some may also call this mix a Miniature Cockapoo, to distinguish it from the standard size mix. Cockapoos are typically pleasant, intelligent little fellows. They rarely inherit an unfavorable disposition. But, socialization is still important to encourage this wonderful temperament. And, this mix is likely to be very active, so won’t suit homes that can’t provide enough mental and physical stimulation.
When the cross involves a Miniature or Toy Poodle, you get a curly-coated ball of pure cute, which may weigh anywhere from 6 pounds to about 18 pounds. Poodles don’t shed very much. But the Cocker Spaniel is a heavy shedder. So depending on which coat type they inherit, this cross may shed pretty profusely, seasonally, or hardly at all.
Cockapoos may inherit a number of health problems. Including blood diseases, cancer, heart disease, vision issues, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, and intervertebral disc disease. These small Poodle mixes may live for 12 to 15 years. To avoid health problems inherited from either parent it’s important to make sure that your puppy’s mom and dad are tested for the diseases that occur in their breed.
The Corgipoo combines a Pembroke Welsh Corgi or a Cardigan Welsh Corgi with a Miniature or Toy Poodle. Exactly what type of dog you get will depend on the specific parents used, but generally this small Poodle mix is active, intelligent, and affectionate. They may also have a strong drive to herd – particularly other pets or young children. So, this small Poodle mix is often better in homes with older children.
Some Corgipoos will have short legs, but others may inherit the longer legs of the Poodle parent. Their coat will be likely to differ in the same way. If they inherit the Corgi’s coat, they will shed seasonally, and will have a thick double coat that can come in a variety of shades. Generally, this mix will have quite a fox-like appearance. Particularly if they inherit a red coat.
The Corgipoo is prone to canine degenerative myelopathy from its Corgi parent. This is a spinal disorder that can lead to paralysis. Other common problems include von Willebrand’s disease, PRA, hip dysplasia, and more. This small Poodle mix will usually reach an average of 12 years old.
The Doxipoo is one of the more popular small Poodle mixes. It combines a Mini or Toy Poodle with the short Dachshund! In most cases, this mix will be independent, intelligent, loyal, and very stubborn! So, it’s not a great fit for a first-time owner. It will likely become very close to its family, but this can lead to guarding aggression. If you bring home this mix, socialization and training are vital from a young age.
Looks, again, will depend on the genes that a puppy inherits from either parent. But this mix tends to be on the short side. They will likely have floppy ears, and a long pointed snout. Their coat will vary, particularly depending on the type of Doxie that you use. They can also come in long-haired and wire-haired varieties!
Sadly, the Dachshund’s conformation brings some serious health concerns, including a higher risk of intervertebral disc disease. So, this mix needs to avoid jumping on and off high places. They will often benefit from dog ramps. They will also be prone to the same health concerns as both parent breeds. But, despite this, they can live into their teens on average.
The Havapoo mixes a small Poodle breed with the lovable Havanese! This little mix is affectionate, friendly, and very people-oriented. They will be clever, and will often pick up commands quickly with positive reinforcement training. As long as they are socialized well, they will get along with other pets, animals, and children in and out of the home.
In terms of size, the Havapoo often falls between 8 and 15 inches tall, weighing anywhere from 12 to 45 pounds. Of course, those with a Toy Poodle parent will often be at the smaller end of this scale. Havapoo pups tend to have floppy ears, long fur with a slight wave or curl, and relatively short legs.
On average, this small Poodle mix can live from 10 to 14 years old. But, like all dogs, they are at risk of certain health issues. This includes skin problems, allergies, skeletal defects, and eye problems.
Our next popular Poodle hybrid is the result of crossing the Maltese with a Miniature or Toy Poodle. These are agreeable dogs which make perfect companions. But this makes them less than happy about alone time, and may bark their displeasure at this! They will do well in homes with constant company, but may not suit homes with very young children that could accidentally hurt them during play.
Depending on whether the Poodle parent is Toy or Miniature, Maltipoos may weigh anywhere from 5 pounds to 15 pounds. The Maltipoo’s coat will not shed much. But, regardless of their coat type they will need weekly brushing and monthly trips to the groomers to keep their coat from matting.
Maltipoos may inherit health problems which are prevalent in their parent breeds. These include mitral valve prolapse, necrotizing meningoencephalitis, epilepsy, white dog shaker syndrome, epilepsy. They can also suffer from vision and joint problems (these are both common conditions in small Poodle mixes). They live for 10-15 years, commonly reaching at least 12 years of age. Both Maltese and Poodles are great little dogs, and their mixes can be delightful companions. You might also want to check out the other Maltese mixes that are growing in popularity right now.
10. Mini Goldendoodle
Miniature Goldendoodles combine a Golden Retriever with a Toy or Miniature Poodle. They will be smaller than the standard Goldendoodle mix, but will have a similar, lovable temperament. This means, they will be friendly, social, and very active, despite their small size. The best homes will have lots of time to dedicate to training, exercise, and play every day. When left alone, mini Goldendoodles can become stressed and destructive.
Typically, Miniature Goldendoodles reach between 14 and 17 inches tall, weighing from 26 to 35 pounds. Golden shades are the most popular, but thanks to the influence of the Poodle, this mix can come in a variety of different colors and patterns. The amount of curl in their coat can also vary. Which means their shedding levels and grooming needs will vary from one dog to the next.
In terms of health, cancer is a big risk in Miniature Goldendoodles. Other potential problems can include hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, various eye issues, and joint problems. Many of these health problems can be tested for. So, choose a reputable breeder that only breeds from the healthiest parents. Your Miniature Goldendoodle will often reach somewhere between 12 and 15 years old.
11. Miniature Labradoodle
A Miniature Labradoodle is the offspring of a Miniature Poodle and a Labrador Retriever. These small Poodle mixes are the cousins of the vastly popular Labradoodle, a cross between a Standard Poodle and a Labrador. Labradors are usually happy to greet strangers. But Miniature Poodles can be shy. So, the exact personality of this cross can vary depending on the genes it inherits. And, on how well you socialize it as a puppy.
Not all Miniature Labradoodles stay small. The cross could be as small as a Miniature Poodle, as large as a full-sized Labrador, or somewhere in between. You should also plan to have either a high-shedding double-coat that’s straight like the Labrador’s. Or a low-shedding but densely curled coat like the Poodle’s, or a combination of both. A curled coat will require regular trips to the groomer for trims to prevent matting. Owners must be prepared for any possible outcome with this mix!
Health problems may include hip dysplasia, eye problems, and any other conditions which are present in Poodles. Major concerns are joint problems and bloat. Labradors often suffer from arthritis, and can be prone to obesity. So, make sure to monitor your dog’s weight well if you choose this mix. Miniature Labradoodles have a lifespan of 12 to 14 years.
The Peekapoo combines a Miniature or Toy Poodle with a Pekingese dog. Usually, a Peekapoo dog is active, outgoing, and agreeable. They will be happy to accompany you on any activity, whether you’re lounging on the couch, or going for a stroll outside! When socialized well, they will be friendly and sociable, even with strangers.
On average, they tend to stand at around 11 inches tall. Those with Toy Poodle parents will be smaller than those with Miniature Poodle parents. Weight will fall under 20 pounds as an adult. But, coat color and type will vary. Generally no Peekapoos will shed excessively, but they will need regular grooming.
Many Peekapoo dogs inherit the same flattened face as the Pekingese parent. This leaves them prone to breathing issues, as well as eye problems, poor dental health, and even heatstroke. So, this little mix needs a lot of care to avoid these health problems. Sadly, this isn’t something that can be tested for in advance, as it is a conformation-related issue. With good care, this mix can live to their teens.
13. Pitbull Poodle
The Pitbull Poodle will combine a Miniature or Toy Poodle with any of the 5 most common Pitbull breeds. These are the American Pitbull Terrier, the American Staffordshire Terrier, American Bull Terrier, Bull Terrier, and Miniature Bull Terrier. Since there are so many Pitbull breeds out there, the results of this mix will really depend on the individual parents used.
Although, owners of this mix can expect a strong, and often muscular dog that forms very strong bonds with its family. Socialization is vital, particularly to avoid any aggression towards other dogs which could stem from the dog-fighting past of the Pitbull parent. However, many owners report that this mix is gentle, friendly, and loving, especially towards close family and children.
Health issues will once again depend on the parents used. But, joint problems can be a risk. As can the most common problems for the Poodle parents, including skin issues like sebaceous adenitis, and more. With good daily care and veterinary trips, a small Pitbull Poodle mix can live well into its teens.
The Pomapoo is a cross between a Pomeranian and a Toy Poodle. Since both Pomeranians and Toy Poodles are very loyal to their families and tend to bond closely with one person. They may exhibit guarding tendencies. Proper socialization can help with this behavior. Pomapoos may also get grumpy or nippy when they are tired of being petted or messed with. This makes this mix an unlikely candidate for a family with small children who may not know when enough is enough.
This tiny hybrid weighs just 3 to 9 pounds when fully grown. Which means they do not need a lot of exercise. About an hour of play time, short walks, or a combination of both each day will suffice!
This mix combines the Pomeranian’s thick double-coat and the Toy Poodle’s dense and curly coat. A Pomapoo will need daily brushing with a slicker brush or pin brush, respectively, as well as monthly trips to the groomer. Additionally, Pomeranians shed seasonally, so a Pomapoo may also shed seasonally. If their coat more closely resembles that of a Poodle, though, then they may shed minimally.
Health issues to watch out for in Pomapoos are progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cataracts, hypothyroidism. Also Addison’s disease, seizures, problems associated with dental overcrowding, tracheal collapse, and joint problems. They usually live for 10-18 years, with many reaching at least 12 years old.
The Pugapoo is also often called a Pugadoodle. This mix combines a Pug with a Miniature or Toy Poodle. Both parent breeds were originally bred to be lap dogs. And this shows in the personality of this mix! It will be happy to spend all of its time with you, particularly chilling out on the couch. However, owners also report that this mix is playful, cheeky, and affectionate.
Appearance will vary from one dog to the next, but generally a Pugapoo will be small. They can grow from 10 to 12 inches tall, weighing anywhere from 14 to 18 pounds. On top of this, it’s common that Pugapoo dogs will inherit a shortened muzzle, like the Pug parent. This is a popular look, since many owners love the cute baby-like face. But, it brings with it a number of painful and lifelong health complications.
This includes difficulty breathing and eating, vulnerable and exposed eyes, overcrowded teeth and increased dental issues, heatstroke, and more. On top of this, if they inherit the Pug’s corkscrew tail, these dogs can experience spinal issues. If you have choice between puppies, it’s best to choose one with a longer nose to try and avoid these issues. Or, since this mix can live into its teens, you could consider rescuing an older version of this mix.
The Scoodle is one of the lesser known small Poodle mixes. It combines a Miniature or Toy Poodle with the Scottish Terrier. Some owners will also call this mix a Scottie Poo. These little dogs will be active, playful, and confident. This isn’t a mix for someone that wants to lie around with their dog all day. Scoodles need plenty of interaction, fun, and exercise!
Scottish Terriers are similar in size to the Miniature Poodle. So, this mix will usually reach a maximum of 22 pounds and 15 inches. However, many are much smaller than this, particularly if they have a Toy Poodle parent. Both parent breeds are also low shedding. So you can expect the same of a Scottie Poo, although they will need plenty of grooming. And, grooming needs will vary depending on whether they have Poodle curls, or the Scottie’s wire coat.
In terms of health, this mix will be prone to the same health problems as its parents. This includes joint issues, skin problems, eye issues, deafness, and more. Many of the Scoodle’s health issues can be tested for before breeding. So, choose a reputable breeder that only gets puppies from the healthiest parents. This way, your mix is likely to live well into its teens.
The Sheltidoodle combines a Miniature or Toy Poodle with a Shetland Sheepdog. If you’re choosing this breed, it’s important to check with breeders that a Miniature Poodle was used, as many will combine the Sheltie with a Standard Poodle. Generally, this mix has a lot of energy and intelligence. They will enjoy training, and will need plenty of opportunities to stretch their legs and their brains.
Appearance will vary a lot, but in general this mix will have a lot of hair! The amount of curl can differ, but grooming is a must for a Miniature Sheltipoo. On top of this, color can depend on the parents used. Size will again change depending on the genes your pup inherits. Some may be tiny, like the Miniature Poodle parent. But, others can be as large as the Sheltie. Owners must be prepared for any outcome. If you’re looking for a very small mix, this might not be for you.
Joint problems and other complications common in larger breeds will potentially plague this mix. For instance, larger Sheltidoodles will be prone to bloat, and hip dysplasia. Skin issues and von Willebrand’s disease are other common problems. Despite health issues, these dogs can live will into their teens.
18. Shih Poo
When you cross a Shih Tzu with a Miniature or Toy Poodle, the end result is the Shih Poo. This hybrid is usually a cuddler, and needs just a little bit of running amok each day to satisfy their energy requirements. A Shih Poo may inherit a tendency to get defensive of their owner or family as well as a barking tendency. They may also get tired of being fussed over and get nippy. With these traits in mind, socialization and keeping these dogs in the proper environment are ideal.
Shih Poos may weigh anywhere from 4 to 16 pounds. How small they stay depends on whether a Toy or Miniature Poodle was bred with the Shih Tzu parent. A Shih Poo may inherit the Shih Tzu’s silky and straight or wavy coat, their Poodle parent’s tightly curled coat. The coat may be solid like a Poodle’s or multi-colored like the Shih Tzu’s.
Daily brushing as well as visits to the groomer will ensure that the coat is kept free of mats, and is kept out of your pup’s eyes. And is easier to maintain at home. Neither Shih Tzus nor Poodles shed very much, though, so you won’t have to deal with excess dog hair.
This mix may be afflicted with eye problems, brachycephalic syndrome, joint problems, kidney issues, Cushing’s disease, bladder stones, and skin tumors. The Shih Poo’s life expectancy is 10-15 years.
The Springerdoodle dog mixes a Springer Spaniel with a Toy or Miniature Poodle. These dogs will have plenty of energy, and will be very affectionate towards their family. They will take well to positive reward training, which is also a great way to give them some much needed mental stimulation. However, bear in mind that they may have strong natural instincts, including the desire to chase smaller pets, and potential barking.
In terms of looks, this can be a real teddy bear dog! They will often have a slight curl to their coat, but the extent of this will vary from one dog to the next. In terms of color, the Springerdoodle can come in almost any shade! But, choosing two parents with similar coats can help you predict what color you will get in your puppy.
Like all small Poodle mixes, health testing is vital in the Springerdoodle to ensure you’re getting the healthiest possible puppy. This is one of the more popular mixes. But, this means it is more important to search for a reputable breeder and to avoid puppy mills. This will increase your puppy’s chances of a long and healthy life, usually into their teens.
The Westiepoo is a West Highland White Terrier (also known as the ‘Westie’) crossed with a Miniature Poodle. Due to their Poodle lineage, some Westiepoos bond very closely with one or more family members. This can make them wary of strangers. Extra early socialization with people and animals will be necessary to prevent yippy or nippy behavior. Due to their Terrier lineage, some Westiepoos can also have a high prey drive. This may disqualify them as candidates for homes with cats or other small pets.
Of the small Poodle mixes, this hybrid is on the larger side. It has a full-grown weight of about 20 to 30 pounds. Both Westies and Poodles have long and curly coats. A Westipoo will require daily to weekly brushing and monthly trips to the groomer to keep things clean and trimmed up. If they have the Westie’s white coat, then regular baths can keep it crisp. You won’t have to worry about much shedding with this hybrid.
As far as health concerns go, Westiepoos may inherit Addison’s disease, bloat. They can also be prone to itchy skin and may suffer from atopic dermatitis. They usually live for 10-18 years, with the average being 13 or 14 years old.
A Whoodle is a combination between a Miniature Poodle and a Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier. This mix will have a strong prey drive, so it may not suit homes with other pets or with very young children. Socialization can help to minimise this, but it won’t eliminate it altogether. But, other than this, a Whoodle will be playful, affectionate, and full of energy. They can be a great choice for an active home.
Size will vary depending on the traits this mix inherits. Wheaten Terriers are medium-sized sturdy dogs. So, if it takes after this parent, your mix can be as tall as 20 inches, weighing up to 50 pounds. Generally, a miniature version will be smaller than this, but owners should prepare for any outcome. Coat and color will also vary.
On average, a Miniature Whoodle can live well into their teens. But, like any mixed breed, they will be prone to the same health issues as their parents. This can include thyroid problems, joint issues, protein-losing nephropathy, protein-losing enteropathy, Addison’s disease, and more. Choose a reputable breeder to minimise the risk of getting a puppy with these hereditary problems.
This is perhaps one of the most popular small Poodle mixes. The Yorkipoo is a cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Poodle. They enjoy spending time with their humans and will do whatever it takes to get your attention! However, some Yorkipoos may get a little too attached to their family. They may exhibit guarding tendencies. We cannot stress proper socialization enough with these types of dogs. This hybrid also needs short bursts of exercise each day, as they are quite energetic.
Yorkipoos may reach just 4 pounds or up to 15 pounds, depending on their parents’ respective sizes. A Yorkipoo may inherit the Yorkshire Terrier’s silky and straight coat, their Poodle parent’s tightly curled coat, or some combination of both.
Their coat may be any color which is accepted for Terriers and Poodles. It will also require regular brushing to eliminate matting. Yorkipoos may shed minimally, like a Poodle, or seasonally, like a Yorkshire Terrier. But the good news is that any shedding can be minimized with regular grooming.
This mix may be prone to Legg-Perthes disease, hip dysplasia and other joint problems . Addison’s disease, epilepsy, bloat, hepatitis, collapsed trachea, and other vision and neurological problems can occur. They usually live for 10-18 years.
Small Poodle Mix Puppies
When choosing a small Poodle mix puppy you need to make sure that you like both parent breeds equally. That you are a fan of both coat types, colors and personalities. So that whatever the combination that your puppy grows up to have, you’ll be happy.
Good breeders of Poodle mixes health test both parents, and only breed from dogs with friendly personalities. They will be happy to show you health certificates and answer any questions you have. No matter how small!
Due to their popularity, small Poodle mix puppies are quite expensive and may run you to several thousand dollars. You’ll also need to factor in insurance, one off costs like crates and bowls, as well as on going costs like dog food.
Want to Learn More About These Small Poodle Mixes?
We’ve only given you a brief overview of some of the most interesting and popular small Poodle mixes out there in this guide. But, if one has caught your eye and you’d like to know more, you can take a look at one of our dedicated breed guides. Find links to every breed in this list below!
|Bulldog Poodle mix||Doxiepoo|
Which One is Your Favorite?
How many of these small Poodle mixes did you know about before today? Are you lucky enough to already have one at home? Or, perhaps your favorite isn’t on this list! We would love to hear about your top mini Poodle mix choices in the comments below.
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References and Resources
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- Packer, R. (et al), ‘Purchasing Popular Purebreds: Investigating the Influence of Breed Type on the Pre-Purchase Motivations and Behavior of Dog Owners’, Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (2017)
- Adams, V. (et al), ‘Methods and Mortality Results of a Health Survey of Purebred Dogs in the UK’, Journal of Small Animal Practice (2010)
- Kogan, L. (et al), ‘Small Animal Veterinarians’ Perceptions, Experiences, and Views of Common Dog Breeds, Dog Aggression, and Breed-Specific Laws in the United States’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2019)
- Roedler, F. (et al), ‘How Does Severe Brachycephaly Affect Dogs’ Lives? Results of a Structured Preoperative Owner Questionnaire’, The Veterinary Journal (2013)
- Davis, M. (et al), ‘Effect of Brachycephaly and Body Condition Score on Respiratory Thermoregulation of Healthy Dogs’, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (2017)