Welcome To Our Complete Guide To The Pomchi.
A New Type Of Dog Originating From A Pomeranian And Chihuahua Mix.
In this comprehensive guide, we will be taking a good look at just what you can expect from crossing these two wonderfully distinctive breeds.
We’ll also tell you just what kind of pets they make.
No doubt you know that there’s a dog breed out there for everyone.
And with the sheer number of cross breeds available to us now, that’s never been more true.
Crossing two breeds of dog to make a ‘new breed’ is very fashionable now. But the process is not without its detractors.
So let’s quickly investigate the ethics of cross breeding a little before we fully explore everything there is to know about the Pomeranian/Chihuahua mix that’s come to be known as the Pomchi (or ‘Chipom’ to some)…
Cross breeding dogs really can be a thorny issue.
Some dog breeders and owners vehemently argue that cross breeding is a positive thing and breeds out the kind of health issues that years of inter-breeding can cause.
Pedigree dog advocates however, are convinced otherwise.
They argue that the trend for fashionable ‘designer dogs’ means that unqualified breeders are playing God and creating hybrid dogs with their own inherent health issues. They feel strongly that it’s essential to have predicatable temperament and physical characteristics.
Neither party is 100% wrong or right.
Breeding any dog, be they pedigree or so-called ‘designer’ requires research, ethics, hard work, knowledge and love.
Smaller dogs are particularly sensitive to genetic defects through unethical breeding practices.
Toy breeds can very easily inherit heart, respiratory, nerve or skeletal problems through bad breeding practices.
So the breeding of smaller toy cross breeds such as the Teacup Pomchi is not without its risks. Breeders need to be very careful indeed.
Improper and thoughtless breeding can result in any number of health issues for the more miniature Pomchi.
If small size is the only motivator in breeding, that’s potentially quite a problem.
Breeding needs to be well thought through and planned out. Especially with smaller cross breeds like the Pomchi.
Provided the two breeds are similar in temperament, attitude and purpose – and both parents are healthy – problems should be avoided.
That said, do be aware that cross breeds are not guaranteed to inherit specific physical or emotional traits from their parents.
The mixture could be quite unexpected.
If you’d like to read more about the pedigree vs mixed breed debate, you can do so by clicking here.
Popularity of the Cross Breed
Crosses – or mongrels – are inevitable.
Pedigree dog owners may prefer their pups to keep their gene pool restricted (with everything that goes along with that).
But hybridization cannot be stopped.
Most of the world’s dogs are technically cross breeds.
It’s just that they came about earlier in history.
The popularity of intentional cross breeding has increased of late, in part, due to the sheer amount of celebrity endorsements.
But also because people are more demanding and exacting with what they want in today’s society.
Sheepadoodles, Maltipoos, Shorkies… The list of designer cross breeds goes on and on. And on.
But let’s get back to the focus of this cross breed guide, shall we?
Let’s talk about Pomchis!
What is a Pomchi?
It’s a great question to start us off with.
As you’ve just read, it’s a mixture of two breeds.
Sweet, loyal and friendly, Pomeranian Chihuahua mixes are as affectionate as they are cute.
Pomchi dogs are only small, but what they lack in size they more than make up for in character.
We’re talking huge personalities in tiny packages!
These sweet little things look like miniature foxes and are almost guaranteed to capture your heart.
They’re not only known as Pomchis or Chipoms, either.
Other, slightly less commonly-used names for this mixture breed include: Pomachis, Chiapoms, Chiranians and even Pomahuahuas.
Which of their parent breeds will the average Pomchi take after?
It’s impossible to say. Each and every dog is slightly different.
So let’s take a closer look at those breeds and their origins.
Origins of the Pomeranian
Descended from the German Spitz dogs originally found in Pomerania – a region of northern Germany and Poland – these dogs’ ancient ancestors were originally large working sled-pulling dogs working in the Arctic Circle.
Their unique looks made them popular amongst European aristocracy from the 16th Century onwards and Pomeranians made good companion dogs for many a royal.
The first official breeding club for Pomeranians was established in Britain back in 1891.
Some two decades before three Poms actually ended up being the only surviving animals from the Titanic disaster.
Pomeranians continued their rise to fame, slowly spreading across the world.
They quickly established themselves as American favourites and currently rank as the USA’s 19th favorite dog breed.
Origins of the Chihuahua
Chihuahuas come from Mexico.
There are no prizes for guessing which state of Mexico, either.
Yep, that’s right. The state of Chihuahua!
Experts disagree slightly on just how far back the breed goes, but it’s widely believed that Chihuahuas are descended from a breed of dog since bred out of existence called Techichis.
The Techichi breed is no longer found but was a companion dog to tribesmen in the ancient Toltec civilization in Mexico.
Techichis, and later Chihuahuas, were thought to be favoured as pets because they were so small they made for great little hot water bottles.
Another theory goes that Chihuahuas were introduced to Central America by Spanish traders from – of all places – China.
Origins of the Pomchi
The Pomeranian and Chihuahua mix is just that – a mix.
Being a cross breed, the Pomchi is not recognized as ‘real’ breed of dog.
Because they are not formally acknowledged as a pure breed, their history isn’t documented all that well.
For instance, it’s not know precisely when the first Pomchi was intentionally bred.
We might not know for sure when this new dog first came to be, but we do know that they were first bred in the United States.
The Defining Characteristics of the Pomchi
If you’ve ever seen a Pom Chihuahua mix, you’ll still remember what they look like now, no doubt.
They’re distinctive to say the least.
Now, of course, they look like a hybrid of a Pomeranian and a Chihuahua, but will yours be a 50/50 split, appearance-wise?
Well, it’s unlikely.
There’s no way of predicting exactly what proportions of each breed a puppy will end up appearing. So be wary.
Most Pomchis will look like smaller Poms in body, but with more Chihuahuaesque faces. So you can expect small rounded heads and large eyes.
Like we’ve said, there is an almost fox-like appearance to many Pomchis and their erect and furry little ears certainly help create that illusion.
Their legs are short but strong, their torso long and their paws are rounded.
However you could end up with a dog that looks mainly Chihuahua or more Pomeranian in form.
Pomchis have their own unique little character and temperament.
But, of course, they’re very similar in nature to the two breeds that go into making them.
It’s worth noting however that – as with temperament – it’s impossible to know if your Pomchi will end up ‘more Pomeranian’ or ‘more Chihuahua-y’.
The science is never exact with cross breeding.
Chihuahuas are lively, energetic and alert. But it doesn’t take much to make them nervous or aggressive.
Pomeranians are often very curious, fun and bright. They’re also obedient, perky and almost always friendly and approachable.
So, as you’d expect, the Pomchi temperament will be a mixture of the behavioral characteristics of each breed.
But they could be 100% like Mom or Dad, and you won’t know until they are an adult which way it could go.
The only real downside here is that smaller dogs like Pomchis do tend become quite vocal when left alone and do often suffer from separation anxiety if those periods are more than just a few hours.
As with any breed of dog, socialization really is key. Pomchis are toy dogs. And toy dogs are, as you know, little. Which means socialization is even more vital…
You have to socialize smaller dogs early and extensively, treating them like any other dogs.
Ask someone at random their thoughts on Chihuahuas and similar dogs and chances are they’ll say they are yappy, aggressive, annoying and prone to biting. And that can be true…
Chihuahua’s are amongst the dogs most likely to have serious aggression problems towards strangers as well as their owners.
But they’re probably scooped up off the floor constantly and treated more like a baby or stuffed teddy bear than a dog, which can’t help.
And that isn’t good for socializing and teaching your pet pooch.
To reduce the chances of aggression in your Chihuahua mixed Pomchi you will need to make sure that the Chihuahua parent is very friendly, and that your puppy sees visitors to the home every day from 8 to 14 weeks old, and visits lots of new places and meets people.
Pomchis’ Size, Height & Weight
Adult Pomchis will grow anywhere up to six to ten inches tall. The males tend to be a tiny bit taller.
Weight-wise, again, there’s some variation. Expect your Pomchi to be anywhere from 5lbs to around 10lbs for a female and 6lbs to 12lbs for a male.
Pomchis full grown can range anywhere between these heights and weights, though.
So do be aware that your Pomchi might grow a little bigger than you’re expecting!
Pomeranian Chihuahua mixes come in a wide array of different color coats. The most common, though? Light brown.
You can also find Pomchis in fawn, dark brown, white, tan, cream, gray, merle and sable.
Black Pomchis are less common, but still very much sought after.
Most of these dogs will be just one color, but a mixture of more than one is not terribly unusual.
The color(s) of the dog will be determined by whichever parent carries dominant genes.
Crosses can have either of the two original breed’s coats or a mixture between the two.
In Pomchis, it really can depend on the genetic influence of the dominant parent.
Coats can be long or short, single or double. But they’ll always be shiny and soft in a healthy dog.
Pomchi haircuts can be necessary to keep them looking their best.
Especially if they have an undercoat, meaning they’re likely to have a very thick and fluffy coat.
Pomchi shedding isn’t a massive issue.
Generally, male Pomchis will only shed around one a year.
Pomchi Grooming & General Care
Pomeranian cross Chihuahua grooming can be very important, particularly to those dogs with longer, fuller coats.
Shorter-haired pets won’t need as much brushing, but they shouldn’t be neglected.
Matted hair is unpleasant for any dog, so make sure grooming and brushing becomes part of your regular weekly routine if you go on to own a Pomchi.
One thing that is quite important to bear in mind with the long-haired Chihuahua Pomeranian mix – as well as shorter-haired ones – is that they often have quite sensitive skin.
Dogs with potential skin complaints should be brushed with care and only with a soft-bristled brush. Metal brushes can cause irritation and discomfort.
Some owners like to bathe their Pomchis every so often using mild shampoo. And most will take their pet to a local groomer semi-regularly for nail clipping and hair trims.
Pomchis are known to sometimes suffer with dental issues, so some light weekly brushing of their teeth with vet-approved dog toothpaste is advised.
Ideal Home and Suitability as a Family Dog
Do Pomchi dogs make good pets? Of course they do, as long as the setting is right and the pup is from friendly health tested parents.
Big tough guys who like big tough dogs might not warm to them all too easily, but they’re great companions nonetheless.
Pomchis are not fans of being left home alone for too long. So owners need to be conscious of that.
But provided they’re well trained, socialized, fussed over, stimulated mentally and regularly exercised, a Pomchi makes for an ideal family dog.
Because of their size, they often appeal to people who live in urban environments and live in apartments or flats.
Toy dogs are not particularly weather hardy, so their homes are most certainly ‘inside’.
Walkies are good, but smaller dogs cannot be left outside for extended periods.
Pomeranian Health & Chihuahua Health
The original breeds are known to potentially suffer with a plethora of medical afflictions. These include:
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, hypoglycemia, heart problems, open fontanel (small holes in the skull), epilepsy, collapsed trachea, hydrocephalus (fluid on the brain), eye problems, dental problems and patellar luxation (floating kneecap).
Also recorded – but less common – are the following: Skin issues, allergies, shivering, hip dysplasia and seizures.
Chihuahua parent must no history of dental issues, epilepsy, hypoglycaemia or family history of tracheal collapse repair or fatalities.
The Pomeranian parent must have no history of knee problems, ear problems, skin comlaints or dental problems.
They should have a clear eye test of less than a year old and no family history of hydrocephalus or syringomyelia.
Being cross bred, Pomchis should be slightly healthier than purebred Pomeranians or Chihuahuas, though it’s possible than Pomchis can suffer from any number of issues associated with their ancestors.
Each parent must be health tested for conditions related to their breed, and have no family history of related medical problems.
Pomeranians have a worryingly small gene pool, so in this respect outcrossing to a Chihuahua is a great thing for their genetic health.
However, mixing a small breed with dental problems with another with dental problems is likely to create a puppy who will need dental care at some point in their lives.
The median lifespan of a Pomeranian is around 9 years, however they have been known to live up to 17 years.
The Chihuahua lives on average anywhere from 7 to 12 years, but have been recorded as living in excess of 19 years.
So there is quite a range there.
Owners who buy a pup from health tested parents can hope to see their dogs living to a ripe old age.
Mixed breed dogs do live longer on average than their purebred cousins, and if you avoid the fatal pitfalls of heart disease and trachael collapse then you’ve got a good chance of having a long lived Pomnchi pup.
Exercise and Training Requirements
A Chihuahua Pomeranian mix full grown, like most dogs, requires exercise. But, unlike larger dogs, they don’t require huge amounts of it.
Pomchis will get plenty of stimulation and exert a fair amount of energy inside, provided you have enough toys for them to play with.
But just because they don’t need daily five mile walks, they will still need to get out and about in the fresh air.
The sights, sounds and smells are vital to keeping your dog active, alert and happy.
These toy dogs might only have small brains, but they’re smart. They learn quickly and enjoy picking up tricks and training in general.
Pomeranians and Chihuahuas are inquisitive by nature, so Pomchis are also keen to see what’s going on, solve a puzzle and learn.
Half Pomeranian half Chihuahua may sound obscure, but you won’t have trouble finding Pomchi breeders.
To ensure you’re getting a happy and healthy dog, make sure you visit the breeder’s premises.
Does the breeder have an emotional connection to the dog or dogs? If it doesn’t appear so, then they may be just in it for the money. And that’s not good.
You must always meet a puppy’s mother, and if the Chihuahua parent is the father make sure you meet him too.
Ask for proof that the puppy’s parents have been health checked.
Don’t be afraid to ask other questions of the breeder you’re talking to, either. You need to make sure you’re dealing with legitimate people with dogs in their best interests.
How to Find/Pick a Pomchi Puppy
Pomchi puppies are about as cute a thing as a human eye can take in. Seriously.
Chipom puppies may look sweet, but don’t fall in love instantly and buy regardless of the facts.
Make sure you’ve sourced a reputable breeder.
Pomeranian Chihuahua mix puppies that are sold by people who love dogs are out there. Look online, read some reviews, don’t be afraid to speak to the people before arranging to meet.
Once you’re in a breeder’s home, ask to see the whole litter – or what’s left of the litter – of Pomeranian Chihuahua puppies. Do they all look well, are they friendly and healthy?
Make sure you are certain before you commit.
The amount of money you’d be expected to part with for a happy and healthy Pomchi puppy will vary.
Whereabouts you’re buying it from, how serious the breeder is about making money, the rarity of the coat, even just how cute the little thing is – they’re all factors that play a part.
There is no hard or fast rule with these things, but you can probably expect to have to hand over between $700 to $1,500.
Is a Pomchi the Right Dog For Me?
We can’t answer a question like this with a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer.
But we can tell you that the most suitable home will be child free (due to their delicate size), around for most of the day and happy to spend time grooming.
To have the best chance of finding a health, happy puppy you will also mneed to committ to doing a lot of homework, then socialization when your pup comes home.
Hopefully we have provided you with enough information here in this guide to help steer you to decide if this charming little cross breed is for you or not.
If you’re looking for a more resilient and hardy working dog for six hour runs in the forest, then maybe you need to keep looking…
But if you’re looking for a loyal little toy dog that you can share your home and heart with, well, you might have found your match!
References and Further Reading
- Adams and Evans. 2010. Methods and mortality results ofa health survey of purebred dogs in the UK. Journal of Small Animal Practice.
- O’Neill et al. 2013. Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England. The Veterinary Journal.
- Oliveira et al. 2011. Retrospective review of congenital heart disease in 976 dogs. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine.
- Tangner and Hobson. 1982. A retrospective study of 20 surgically managed cases of collapsed trachea. Veterinary Surgery.
- Duffy et al. 2008. Breed differences in canine aggression. Applied Animal Behaviour Science.
- Ackermann, L. 1999. Pomchi: The Ultimate Pomchi Dog Manual. Pomchi Care, Costs, Feeding, Grooming, Health and Training
- Stahlkuppe, J. 2010. Pomeranians: Everything about Purchase, Care, Nutrition, Breeding & Behavior
- Institute of Canine Biology
- Chihuahua Hydrocephalus. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare
- Pomeranian Distal Fractures. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare
- The Kennel Club
- The American Kennel Club