Welcome to the complete guide to the mini Boston Terrier!
This tiny pup is a scaled-down version of one of America’s favorite dog breeds.
The looks, traits and temperament of the full-sized Boston Terrier are shrunk into a much smaller package.
But is this necessarily a good thing?
Love Boston Terriers?
The Boston Terrier is a compact dog who has a short, sleek coat and a flat face.
With bat-like ears and prominent eyes, this is an instantly recognizable breed.
Most weigh between 10 and 25 pounds and standing 12 to 17 inches in height.
A mini Boston Terrier is likely to weigh less than 10 pounds.
Is Smaller Ever Better?
Over the last few years, there has been a growing trend for these so-called teacup dogs.
But this has puts them at the center of a controversy.
Because the methods of making a breed smaller can cause a small dog some big problems.
The Appeal Of The Mini Boston Terrier
Everybody loves puppies, and the mini Boston Terrier remains puppy-sized even in adulthood.
So it’s no wonder that they’re so appealing.
It is natural for humans to find an animal with baby-like characteristics extremely cute.
Creating a desire to nurture and care for it.
Miniature dogs are popular because they are easy to handle and look after.
They need minimal living space, food and exercise.
So they’re seemingly ideal for those living in apartments or for the elderly.
It also allows those unable to own a standard size Boston Terrier to have a miniature version of their favorite dog.
Obviously, there is an allure to owning a tiny pup that is so small and delicate.
But how does miniaturization occur?
And is it a good idea?
Where Do Mini Boston Terriers Come From?
There are three different ways to achieve miniaturization of the Boston Terrier.
Each method has potential drawbacks, along with questionable breeding practices.
These methods include crossbreeding, the introduction of a dwarfism gene, and repeatedly breeding from the runts of the litter.
Mixing with a smaller breed
One method is to mix a standard breed with a smaller breed, creating a hybrid “designer” dog.
However, the problem with cross-breeding is that the outcome is unpredictable regarding appearance, size, and temperament.
Puppies may inherit more traits from one parent breed than the other.
They may not possess any features unique to the Boston Terrier or be small enough to be classed as a miniature.
There is also the possibility of making health issues worse or creating new ones from poor breeding practices.
However, supporters of designer dogs believe they are healthier due to the genetic diversity of two different breeds, known as hybrid vigor.
Here we look at some popular breed choices mixed with the Boston Terrier.
Boston Terrier French Bulldog mix (Frenchton)
These two small breeds are very similar.
Both are smart, loving dogs with flat faces, which, unfortunately, means they are brachycephalic.
While a flat face may look cute, it compromises the breathing of a Frenchton.
This is intensified by hot weather and exercise, and can cause many health issues.
Boston Terrier Pug mix (Bugg)
Combining the friendly, intelligent and amusing Boston Terrier with the comical but loving Pug creates an entertaining and adorable mix.
However, once again, both these sweet little dogs are brachycephalic.
The Bugg is prone to respiratory conditions, along with eye diseases due to their prominent eyes.
Boston Terrier Chihuahua mix (Bochi)
The Bochi is a popular mix of the stout Boston Terrier with the world’s smallest dog breed, the Chihuahua.
Both kinds having different but loveable traits.
However, the apple head Chihuahua, like the Boston Terrier, is prone to Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome.
So it is more desirable to crossbreed with a deer head Chihuahua for a healthier pup.
Introducing the Dwarfism Gene
Introducing the dwarfism gene is another method of miniaturization.
Instead of shrinking the animal’s whole body, this gene produces legs that are short and stumpy, like the Corgi or Dachshund.
This gives the impression that the dog is smaller, as it is lower to the ground.
This genetic disorder is known as achondrodysplasia.
It means that the dog’s bones are unable to grow to the size standard of their breed.
Using this technique is not desirable as it can cause many joint and back issues, including Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD).
Special care is required for dogs with dwarfism to avoid overworking the joints and preventing any possible injuries.
Breeding from Runts
Quite often, breeders sell the runts of a litter as teacup dogs.
However, it is more common to selectively breed from these little pups to create the tiniest dog possible, with each line becoming smaller and smaller.
One good point to this method is that the unique traits of a breed, in this case, the Boston Terrier, are retained.
But it can take several generations before a miniature version of the standard breed is achieved.
Runts are small and weak.
So they usually suffer from various health problems, making it difficult to produce healthy puppies.
Boston Terriers often give birth by Caesarean section as the wide heads of the puppies are bigger than the mother’s pelvis.
This makes it even harder for the mini versions of this breed.
Responsible and intelligent breeding practices are required by respectable breeders if this method is to be successful.
Is A Mini Boston Terrier Right For Me?
A mini Boston Terrier will have the same traits and appearance as the full-sized Boston Terrier.
This tiny breed thrives on human company.
It gets along with children, the elderly, and other pets, making it the perfect companion dog.
It is ideal for apartment living due to its small size.
The mini Boston Terrier is eager to please and very trainable but suffers from separation anxiety if left alone.
This breed is not a wise choice for people who are out much of the time.
These micro dogs shed very little and are easy to care for as their short coats do not require much grooming.
They should have their teeth cleaned regularly and their nails trimmed.
But wait! Don’t go searching for breeders just yet.
Before deciding on a mini Boston Terrier, it is important to look at the health issues common to the Boston Terrier.
This dog is a Brachycephalic breed, so it is prone to various chronic breathing and health problems.
Care is required when exercising the mini Boston.
Walks should be kept short, especially during hot weather.
It is also essential that your home has air conditioning as this type of dog needs to stay cool or risks overheating, which is extremely dangerous.
There are more than twenty eye problems associated with the Boston Terrier.
These include corneal ulcers, cataracts, and glaucoma.
This breed is also susceptible to patellar luxation and various skin problems.
As a potential owner, you need to be aware that a mini Boston Terrier is under the normal weight range of the standard dog.
So there’s a danger of other conditions as well, such as fragile bones, congenital defects, and organ failure.
Also, these miniature dogs are so small they risk serious injury from being trodden on or dropped.
They have low sugar levels, so can have a seizure or even die if they miss just one meal.
Although a full-sized Boston Terrier’s lifespan is between 13 to 15 years, the mini version is likely to be much less.
Mini Boston Terrier Puppies
Mini Boston Terrier puppies are appealing.
It’s a cute little dog, in an even cuter, smaller package.
But whether it’s right to make this pup even more mini raises moral questions.
Unfortunately, due to the numerous health problems that can come from miniturizing an already unhealthy breed, we can not recommend them to puppy buyers.
If you are looking for a healthy, happy puppy then stick to one that has not been bred to extremes.
Proportionate legs and a fair sized muzzle make a huge difference to a dog’s wellbeing.
- Dog welfare groups warn teacup puppy craze is harmful to pets
- Why do people buy dogs with potential welfare problems related to extreme conformation and inherited disease? A representative study of Danish owners of four small dog breeds
- Canine Chondrodysplasia Caused by a Truncating Mutation in Collagen-Binding Integrin Alpha Subunit 10
- Neoteny in American perceptions of animals
- Brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome in dogs: 90 cases (1991–2008)
- Inherited eye disease in the dog and cat
- Prevalence of inherited disorders among mixed-breed and purebred dogs: 27,254 cases (1995–2010)