The blue Chihuahua is a rare and coveted color when it comes to the Chihuahua color spectrum.
But are there any health or temperament concerns a potential owner should know about before sealing the deal and buying one of these pricy blue treasures?
Let’s find out.
What Is a Blue Chihuahua?
The blue Chihuahua is a color of the Chihuahua dog, and he is a rare and sought-after color at that.
In fact, according to some online sellers, a genuine blue Chihuahua puppy can be sold for upward of $10,000.
But what makes this tiny blue pup so precious? For starters, a blue Chihuahua is difficult to breed and therefore difficult to come by.
Unfortunately, some shady breeders will try to pass a light black or gray Chihuahua pup as a blue Chihuahua.
According to experts, a quick look under the sunlight should tell you if your dog is really a blue Chihuahua or not.
What Does a Blue Chihuahua Look Like?
Are you wondering if you’ve found a true Chihuahua blue?
Authentic blue Chihuahua dogs have a blue tint on their fur, as well as the rim around their eyes, nose and pads of their little paws.
Still, you should remember that some blue Chihuahuas are not a solid blue color.
Chihuahua dogs can come in a number of different colors and color patterns.
Blue may be incorporated in any coloring of a Chihuahua.
For example, the blue fawn Chihuahua can be blue, white and tan.
The blue merle Chihuahua can be blue and white with a unique coat pattern.
And while any blue color or hue in a Chihuahua is unique, the solid blue Chihuahua is typically the rarest.
Other than his color, the characteristics of your blue Chihuahua is the same as all the other defining characteristics of any other colored Chihuahua.
The blue Chihuahua can either be an apple-headed Chihuahua or a deer head Chihuahua.
He can be a blue long haired Chihuahua or have a short, smooth coat.
Chihuahuas are notoriously small, standing a mere 8 inches tall at most.
He often weighs no more than 6 pounds.
They are adored for their over-sized ears, wide eyes and human-like personalities.
How Did the Blue Chihuahua Come to Be?
The color of any dog’s coat all comes down to two foundation colors, according to veterinarian Lynn Buzhardt.
These base colors are believed to be black and red.
What happens next and how your puppy ends up with a particular coat color is up to chance and genetics from his parent breeds.
With that in mind, let’s chat about the gene that leads the blue Chihuahua.
The reason the blue Chihuahua is considered so rare is that the gene that creates his unique blue coat is a recessive gene.
It is a rare gene at that.
In fact, this rare gene has been linked to some serious congenital health implications when it comes to Chihuahua dogs in particular.
It is therefore considered unethical to breed two Chihuahua dogs with this same gene.
Furthermore, breeding two blue Chihuahuas still will not guarantee a blue Chihuahua puppy.
There is quite a bit of chance thrown in with the breeding process.
But will the color of your blue Chihuahua have anything to do with his temperament?
Luckily, the answer is no.
So far, studies have not been able to prove that the color of a dog’s coat has any correlation with his temperament or personality.
However, coat color can have implications on your dog’s health, as we mentioned above.
For this reason, there are some things a prospective owner of a blue Chihuahua should consider before investing in this rare and beautiful dog.
Let’s learn more.
Blue Chihuahua Health
Yes, it is true. The color of your dog can affect his health.
So, is the blue Chihuahua at risk for health issues related to the color of his unique blue coat?
Unfortunately, the answer is yes.
According to Dr. Stanley Coren, dogs with coat colors—including piebald, merle, white and roan—may be more susceptible to congenital deafness.
This is one of the reasons it is so unethical to breed two dogs with the merle or blue gene, as it can result in a higher risk of serious health issues.
And when it comes to the blue Chihuahua, the health risks go beyond congenital deafness.
According to the Chihuahua Club of America, the double merle gene can also be associated with other health issues in Chihuahua dogs.
This includes skeletal irregularities, as well as cardiac and reproductive problems.
Of course, we should note that all dogs can be susceptible to genetic health issues, even when proper breeding practices have been carefully utilized.
With that in mind, it is important to be aware of what your dog is prone to so you can ensure your dog is health screened and cleared for serious genetic health issues.
With an average life span of 14 to 16 years, the Chihuahua can be most prone to:
- patent ductus arteriosus
- mitral valve disease
- eye disease
- patellar luxation
- idiopathic epilepsy.
Remember, most reputable blue Chihuahua breeders health screen their litters.
They should be able to provide you with documentation proving your puppy is healthy.
However, you can always have your blue Chihuahua health screened yourself.
Some of the health tests recommended for the Chihuahua as specified by the American Kennel Club are:
- cardiac exam
- patella evaluation
- ophthalmologist evaluation.
Blue Chihuahua Temperament
The color of your blue Chihuahua’s coat can affect his health. But the color has no tie whatsoever to his temperament.
For the most part, Chihuahua dogs generally are huge dogs in little bodies.
They are known for their big egos and insistence on being the center of attention.
They are not the best pet option for families with small children or other household pets.
Chihuahuas, in particular, can be prone to injury if handled too roughly.
They may not always enjoy sharing the spotlight with other dogs.
And although they are small, Chihuahuas do need adequate exercise.
A short, brisk walk should suffice, although playtime in the home or backyard will also suit them just fine.
Early socialization is important for all dogs, especially dogs with big personalities such as the Chihuahua.
You should utilize obedience training early on, as these little dogs can sometimes be quite independent and difficult to train.
Grooming a Blue Chihuahua
If you get your hands on a blue Chihuahua, make sure you keep that rare and stunning coat as healthy as possible.
Practice healthy grooming habits with any dog, as a well-groomed coat leads to a healthier and happier pup.
Grooming your blue Chihuahua depends on whether you have a blue long-haired Chihuahua or a blue short-haired Chihuahua.
The short-haired Chihuahua will only need brushing once in a while to keep his skin and coat healthy.
The long-haired Chihuahua will need regular brushing at least two or three times a week.
Your blue Chihuahua needs his ears checked and cleaned regularly to keep excess moisture and waxy buildup or debris from causing infection.
His nails should be trimmed regularly so they do not break or crack.
Is a Blue Chihuahua Right for Me?
The blue Chihuahua is like any other Chihuahua dog, just with a unique coat color.
The color of his coat will have no implications on his temperament and personality.
However, studies have found that the genetic makeup of a blue Chihuahua can be tied to certain health issues in the dog.
Any prospective owner on the hunt for blue Chihuahua puppies should do plenty of research.
Go through reputable sources who are able to provide health certificates proving the health of their puppies.
Furthermore, buyers should beware of breeders selling blue teacup Chihuahua dogs.
There really is no such thing.
Plus, breeding an already small dog down to an even smaller size can lead to serious health issues.
Remember that the Chihuahua is best suited for families with older, more respectful children, and families without other household pets.
Do you know of any interesting blue Chihuahua facts we missed? Tell us in the comments.
References and Further Reading:
Buzhardt, L., “Genetics Basics – Coat Color Genetics in Dogs,” VCA Hospitals
“Chihuahua,” The American Kennel Club
Coren, S., “Your Dog’s Coat Color Predicts His Hearing Ability,” Psychology Today
“Health Problems Associated with the Merle Allele,” The Chihuahua Club of America
Howell, T.J., et al., 2015, “Puppy Parties and Beyond: The Role of Early Age Socialization Practices on Adult Dog Behavior,” School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe
Ruvinsky, A. and Sampson, J., 2001, “The Genetics of the Dog,” Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International
Schmutz, S.M. and Berryere, T.G., “Genes Affecting Coat Colour and Pattern in Domestic Dogs: A Review,” Animal Genetics
Strain, G.M., “Deafness and the Merle Gene,” Louisiana State University
Strain, G.M., et al., 2009, “Prevalence of Deafness in Dogs Heterozygous or Homozygous for the Merle Allele,” Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine